J. Semicond. > Volume 41?>?Issue 4?> Article Number: 042602

Growth of aligned SnS nanowire arrays for near infrared photodetectors

Guozhen Shen 1, 2, , , Haoran Chen 1, 2, and Zheng Lou 1,

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Abstract: Aligned SnS nanowires arrays were grown via a simple chemical vapor deposition method. As-synthesized SnS nanowires are single crystals grown along the [111] direction. The single SnS nanowire based device showed excellent response to near infrared lights with good responsivity of 267.9 A/W, high external quantum efficiency of 3.12 × 104 % and fast response time. Photodetectors were built on the aligned SnS nanowire arrays, exhibiting a light on/off ratio of 3.6, and the response and decay time of 4.5 and 0.7 s, respectively, to 1064 nm light illumination.

Key words: photodetectorsnanowiresinfraredaligned

Abstract: Aligned SnS nanowires arrays were grown via a simple chemical vapor deposition method. As-synthesized SnS nanowires are single crystals grown along the [111] direction. The single SnS nanowire based device showed excellent response to near infrared lights with good responsivity of 267.9 A/W, high external quantum efficiency of 3.12 × 104 % and fast response time. Photodetectors were built on the aligned SnS nanowire arrays, exhibiting a light on/off ratio of 3.6, and the response and decay time of 4.5 and 0.7 s, respectively, to 1064 nm light illumination.

Key words: photodetectorsnanowiresinfraredaligned



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Zhang Z, Yang J, Zhang K, et al. Anisotropic photoresponse of layered 2D SnS-based near infrared photodetectors. J Mater Chem C, 2017, 5(43), 11288

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Li L, Lou Z, Shen G. Flexible broadband image sensors with SnS quantum dots/Zn2SnO4 nanowires hybrid nanostructures. Adv Funct Mater, 2018, 18, 1705389

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Lou Z, Li L, Shen G. Ultraviolet/visible photodetectors with ultrafast, high photosensitivity based on 1D ZnS/CdS heterostructures. Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 5219

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Chai R, Lou Z, Shen G. Highly flexible self-powered photodetectors based on core-shell Sb/CdS nanowires. J Mater Chem C, 2019, 7, 4581

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Liu Z, Luo T, Liang B, et al. High-detectivity InAs nanowire photodetectors with spectral response from ultraviolet to near-infrared. Nano Res, 2013, 6, 775

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Gong X, Tong M, Xia Y, et al. High-detectivity polymer photodetectors with spectral response from 300 nm to 1450 nm. Science, 2009, 325, 1665

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Miao J, Hu W, Guo N, et al. Single InAs nanowire room temperature near-infrared photodetectors. ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 3628

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Ouyang B, Zhang K, Yang Y, et al. Photocurrent polarity controlled by light wavelength in self-powered ZnO nanowires/SnS photodetector system. iScience, 2018, 1, 16

[32]

Chen G, Liang B, Liu Z, et al. High performance rigid and flexible visible-light photodetectors based on aligned X(In,Ga)P nanowire arrays. J Mater Chem C, 2014, 2, 1270

[1]

Steinmann V, Jaramillo R, Hartman K, et al. 3.88% efficient tin sulfide solar cells using congruent thermal evaporation. Adv Mater, 2014, 26, 7488

[2]

Zhao L, Tan G, Hao S, et al. Ultrahigh power factor and thermoelectric performance in hole-doped single-crystal SnSe. Science, 2016, 351, 141

[3]

Rath T, Gury L, Sanchez-Molina I, et al. Formation of porous SnS nanoplate networks from solution and their application in hybrid solar cells. Chem Commun, 2015, 51, 10198

[4]

Kumar G M, Fu X, Ilanchezhiyan P, et al. Highly sensitive flexible photodetectors based on self-assembled tin monosulfide nanoflakes with graphene electrodes. ACS Appl Mater Interface, 2017, 9(37), 32142

[5]

Lin Y, Wen X, Wang L, et al. Structure and optical properties of SnS nanowire arrays prepared with two-step method. Adv Mater Res, 2012, 476, 1519

[6]

Zhou X, Gan L, Zhang Q, et al. High performance near-infrared photodetectors based on ultrathin SnS nanobelts grown via physical vapor deposition. J Mater Chem C, 2016, 4(11), 2111

[7]

Zheng D, Fang H, Long M, et al. High-performance near-infrared photodetectors based on p-type SnX (X = S, Se) nanowires grown via chemical vapor deposition. ACS Nano, 2018, 12(7), 7239

[8]

Chao J, Wang Z, Xu X, et al. Tin sulfide nanoribbons as high performance photoelectrochemical cells, flexible photodetectors and visible-light-driven photocatalysts. RSC Adv, 2013, 3, 2746

[9]

Zhang Z, Yang J, Zhang K, et al. Anisotropic photoresponse of layered 2D SnS-based near infrared photodetectors. J Mater Chem C, 2017, 5(43), 11288

[10]

Deng Z, Cao D, He J, et al. Solution synthesis of ultrathin single-crystalline SnS nanoribbons for photodetectors via phase transition and surface processing. ACS Nano, 2012, 6, 6197

[11]

Ning L, Jiang T, Shao Z, et al. Light-trapping enhanced ZnO-MoS2 core-shell nanopillar arrays for broadband ultraviolet-visible-near infrared photodetection. J Mater Chem C, 2018, 6, 7077

[12]

Zhang D, Gu L, Zhang Q, et al. Increasing photoluminescence quantum yield by nanophotonic design of quantum-confined halide perovskite nanowire arrays. Nano Lett, 2019, 19(5), 2850

[13]

Gu L, Tavakoli M M, Zhang D, et al. 3D arrays of 1024-pixel image sensors based on lead halide perovskite nanowires. Adv Mater, 2016, 28, 9713

[14]

Fan Z, Kapadia R, Leu P, et al. Ordered arrays of dual-diameter nanopillars for maximized optical absorption. Nano Lett, 2010, 10, 3823

[15]

Fan Z, Razzavi H, Do J, et al. Three-dimensional nanopillar-array photovoltaics on low-cost and flexible substrate. Nat Mater, 2009, 8, 648

[16]

Duan X, Lieber C M. General synthesis of compound semiconductor nanowires. Adv Mater, 2000, 12, 298

[17]

Wu Y, Yang P. Direct observation of vapor-liquid-solid nanowire growth. J Am Chem Soc, 2001, 123, 3165

[18]

Shen G, Xu J, Wang X, et al. Growth of directly transferrable In2O3 nanowire mats for transparent thin-film transistors applications. Adv Mater, 2011, 23, 771

[19]

Luo T, Liang B, Liu Z, et al. Single-GaSb-nanowire-based room temperature photodetectors with broad spectral response. Sci Bull, 2015, 60, 101

[20]

Duan T, Lou Z, Shen G. Electrical transport and photoresponse properties of single-crystalline Cd3As2 nanowires. Sci China-Phys Mech Astron, 2015, 58, 027801

[21]

Li L, Lou Z, Shen G. Flexible broadband image sensors with SnS quantum dots/Zn2SnO4 nanowires hybrid nanostructures. Adv Funct Mater, 2018, 18, 1705389

[22]

Chen S, Lou Z, Chen D, et al. Printble Zn2GeO4 microwires based flexible photodetectors with tunable photorespone. Adv Mater Technol, 2018, 3, 1800050

[23]

Lou Z, Li L, Shen G. InGaO3(ZnO) superlattice nanowires for high performance ultraviolet photodetectors. Adv Electron Mater, 2015, 1, 1500054

[24]

Lou Z, Yang X L, Chen H R, et al. Flexible ultraviolet photodetectors based on ZnO–SnO2 heterojunction nanowire arrays. J Semicond, 2018, 39(2), 024002

[25]

Chen G, Liang B, Liu X, et al. High-performance hybrid phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester/Cd3P2 nanowire ultraviolet-visible-near infrared photodetectors. ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 787

[26]

Lou Z, Li L, Shen G. Ultraviolet/visible photodetectors with ultrafast, high photosensitivity based on 1D ZnS/CdS heterostructures. Nanoscale, 2016, 8, 5219

[27]

Chai R, Lou Z, Shen G. Highly flexible self-powered photodetectors based on core-shell Sb/CdS nanowires. J Mater Chem C, 2019, 7, 4581

[28]

Liu Z, Luo T, Liang B, et al. High-detectivity InAs nanowire photodetectors with spectral response from ultraviolet to near-infrared. Nano Res, 2013, 6, 775

[29]

Gong X, Tong M, Xia Y, et al. High-detectivity polymer photodetectors with spectral response from 300 nm to 1450 nm. Science, 2009, 325, 1665

[30]

Miao J, Hu W, Guo N, et al. Single InAs nanowire room temperature near-infrared photodetectors. ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 3628

[31]

Ouyang B, Zhang K, Yang Y, et al. Photocurrent polarity controlled by light wavelength in self-powered ZnO nanowires/SnS photodetector system. iScience, 2018, 1, 16

[32]

Chen G, Liang B, Liu Z, et al. High performance rigid and flexible visible-light photodetectors based on aligned X(In,Ga)P nanowire arrays. J Mater Chem C, 2014, 2, 1270

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G Z Shen, H R Chen, Z Lou, Growth of aligned SnS nanowire arrays for near infrared photodetectors[J]. J. Semicond., 2020, 41(4): 042602. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/4/042602.

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Manuscript received: 05 March 2020 Manuscript revised: 10 March 2020 Online: Accepted Manuscript: 17 March 2020 Uncorrected proof: 20 March 2020 Published: 10 April 2020

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