J. Semicond. > Volume 41?>?Issue 4?> Article Number: 041604

Recent progress of morphable 3D mesostructures in advanced materials

Haoran Fu 1, , , Ke Bai 2, , Yonggang Huang 3, and Yihui Zhang 2, ,

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Abstract: Soft robots complement the existing efforts of miniaturizing conventional, rigid robots, and have the potential to revolutionize areas such as military equipment and biomedical devices. This type of system can accomplish tasks in complex and time-varying environments through geometric reconfiguration induced by diverse external stimuli, such as heat, solvent, light, electric field, magnetic field, and mechanical field. Approaches to achieve reconfigurable mesostructures are essential to the design and fabrication of soft robots. Existing studies mainly focus on four key aspects: reconfiguration mechanisms, fabrication schemes, deformation control principles, and practical applications. This review presents a detailed survey of methodologies for morphable mesostructures triggered by a wide range of stimuli, with a number of impressive examples, demonstrating high degrees of deformation complexities and varied multi-functionalities. The latest progress based on the development of new materials and unique design concepts is highlighted. An outlook on the remaining challenges and open opportunities is provided.

Key words: morphable mesostructuresreconfigurationstimuli

Abstract: Soft robots complement the existing efforts of miniaturizing conventional, rigid robots, and have the potential to revolutionize areas such as military equipment and biomedical devices. This type of system can accomplish tasks in complex and time-varying environments through geometric reconfiguration induced by diverse external stimuli, such as heat, solvent, light, electric field, magnetic field, and mechanical field. Approaches to achieve reconfigurable mesostructures are essential to the design and fabrication of soft robots. Existing studies mainly focus on four key aspects: reconfiguration mechanisms, fabrication schemes, deformation control principles, and practical applications. This review presents a detailed survey of methodologies for morphable mesostructures triggered by a wide range of stimuli, with a number of impressive examples, demonstrating high degrees of deformation complexities and varied multi-functionalities. The latest progress based on the development of new materials and unique design concepts is highlighted. An outlook on the remaining challenges and open opportunities is provided.

Key words: morphable mesostructuresreconfigurationstimuli



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Cheng X, Zhang Y. Micro/nanoscale 3D assembly by rolling, folding, curving, and buckling approaches. Adv Mater, 2019, 31, 1901895

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H R Fu, K Bai, Y G Huang, Y H Zhang, Recent progress of morphable 3D mesostructures in advanced materials[J]. J. Semicond., 2020, 41(4): 041604. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/4/041604.

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Manuscript received: 24 October 2019 Manuscript revised: 11 December 2019 Online: Accepted Manuscript: 08 January 2020 Uncorrected proof: 02 April 2020 Published: 10 April 2020

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