J. Semicond. > Volume 41?>?Issue 4?> Article Number: 041605

Nanofiber/nanowires-based flexible and stretchable sensors

Dongyi Wang 1, , Lili Wang 1, , and Guozhen Shen 2, 3, ,

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Abstract: Nanofibers/nanowires with one-dimension (1D) nanostructure or well-patterned microstructure have shown distinctly advantages in flexible and stretchable sensor fields, owing to their remarkable tolerance against mechanical bending or stretching, outstanding electronic/optoelectronic properties, good transparency, and excellent geometry. Herein, latest summaries in the unique structure and properties of nanofiber/nanowire function materials and their applications for flexible and stretchable sensor are highlighted. Several types of high-performance nanofiber/nanowire-based flexible pressure and stretchable sensors are also reviewed. Finally, a conclusion and prospect for 1D nanofiber/nanowires-based flexible and stretchable sensors are also intensively discussed. This summary offers new insights for the development of flexible and stretchable sensor based 1D nanostructure in next-generation flexible electronics.

Key words: flexible electronicnanofibers/nanowiresone-dimension nanostructureflexible and stretchable sensor

Abstract: Nanofibers/nanowires with one-dimension (1D) nanostructure or well-patterned microstructure have shown distinctly advantages in flexible and stretchable sensor fields, owing to their remarkable tolerance against mechanical bending or stretching, outstanding electronic/optoelectronic properties, good transparency, and excellent geometry. Herein, latest summaries in the unique structure and properties of nanofiber/nanowire function materials and their applications for flexible and stretchable sensor are highlighted. Several types of high-performance nanofiber/nanowire-based flexible pressure and stretchable sensors are also reviewed. Finally, a conclusion and prospect for 1D nanofiber/nanowires-based flexible and stretchable sensors are also intensively discussed. This summary offers new insights for the development of flexible and stretchable sensor based 1D nanostructure in next-generation flexible electronics.

Key words: flexible electronicnanofibers/nanowiresone-dimension nanostructureflexible and stretchable sensor



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Wang L, Chen S, Li W, et al. Grain-boundary-induced drastic sensing performance enhancement of polycrystalline-microwire printed gas sensors. Adv Mater, 2019, 31, 1804583

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Lou C, Liu N S, Zhang H, et al. A new approach for ultrahigh-performance piezoresistive sensor based on wrinkled PPy film with electrospun PVA nanowires as spacer. Nano Energy, 2017, 41, 527

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[1]

Wang L L, Chen D, Jiang K, et al. New insights and perspectives into biological materials for flexible electronics. Chem Soc Rev, 2017, 46, 6764

[2]

Zhao L, Wang K, Wei W, et al. High-performance flexible sensing devices based on polyaniline/MXene nanocomposites. InfoMat, 2019, 1, 407

[3]

Wang K, Lou Z, Wang L, et al. Bioinspired interlocked structure-induced high deformability for two-dimensional titanium carbide (MXene)/natural microcapsule-based flexible pressure sensors. ACS Nano, 2019, 13, 9139

[4]

Lou Z, Wang L, Jiang K, et al. Programmable three-dimensional advanced materials based on nanostructures as building blocks for flexible sensors. Nano Today, 2019, 26, 176

[5]

Bao Z N, Chen X D. Flexible and stretchable device. Adv Mater, 2016, 28, 4177

[6]

Ye D, Ding Y, Duan Y, et al. Large-scale direct-writing of aligned nanofibers for flexible electronics. Small, 2018, 14, 1703521

[7]

Jin J H, Lee D, Im H G, et al. Chitin nanofiber transparent paper for flexible green electronics. Adv Mater, 2016, 28, 5169

[8]

Wang K, Wei W, Lou Z, et al. 1D/2D heterostructure nanofiber flexible sensing device with efficient gas detectivity. Appl Surf Sci, 2019, 479, 209

[9]

Wang K, Li J, Li W, et al. Highly active co-based catalyst in nanofiber matrix as advanced sensing layer for high selectivity of flexible sensing device. Adv Mater Technol, 2019, 4, 1800521

[10]

Wang L, Chen S, Li W, et al. Grain-boundary-induced drastic sensing performance enhancement of polycrystalline-microwire printed gas sensors. Adv Mater, 2019, 31, 1804583

[11]

Lou Z, Shen G Z. Flexible photodetectors based on 1D inorganic nanostructures. Adv Sci, 2016, 3, 1500287

[12]

Wang L, Deng J, Lou Z, et al. Cross-linked p-type Co3O4 octahedral nanoparticles in 1D n-type TiO2 nanofibers for high-performance sensing devices. J Mater Chem A, 2014, 2, 10022

[13]

Li J, Wang L, Li L, et al. Metal sulfides@carbon microfiber networks for boosting lithium ion/sodium ion storage via a general metal–aspergillus niger bioleaching strategy. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2019, 11, 8072

[14]

Zhuang X J, Ning C Z, Pan A. Composition and bandgap-graded semiconductor alloy nanowires. Adv Mater, 2012, 24, 13

[15]

Menzel A, Subannajui K, Güder F. Multifunctional ZnO-nanowire-based sensor. Adv Funct Mater, 2011, 21, 4342

[16]

Wen B M, Sader J E, Boland J J, et al. Mechanical properties of ZnO nanowires. Phys Rev Lett, 2008, 101, 175502

[17]

Liu Z, Xu J, Chen D, et al. Flexible electronics based on inorganic nanowires. Chem Soc Rev, 2015, 44, 161

[18]

Chowdhury S A, Saha M C, Patterson S, et al. Highly conductive polydimethylsiloxane/carbon nanofiber composites for flexible sensor applications. Adv Mater Technol, 2019, 4, 1800398

[19]

Nan N, He J, You X, et al. A stretchable, highly sensitive, and multimodal mechanical fabric sensor based on electrospun conductive nanofiber yarn for wearable electronics. Adv Mater Technol, 2019, 4, 1800338

[20]

Chen L F, Feng Y, Liang H W, et al. Macroscopic-scale three-dimensional carbon nanofiber architectures for electrochemical energy storage devices. Adv Energy Mater, 2017, 7, 1700826

[21]

Choi S J, Persano L, Camposeo A, et al. Electrospun nanostructures for high performance chemiresistive and optical sensors. Macromol Mater Eng, 2017, 302, 1600569

[22]

Rasouli R, Barhoum A, Bechelany M. Nanofibers for biomedical and healthcare applications. Macromol Biosci, 2019, 19, 1800256

[23]

Camposeo A, Persano L, Pisignano D, et al. Light-emitting electrospun nanofibers for nanophotonics and optoelectronics. Macromol Mater Eng, 2013, 298, 487

[24]

Nguyen L T H, Chen S, Elumalai N K, et al. Biological, chemical, and electronic applications of nanofibers. Macromol Mater Eng, 2013, 298, 822

[25]

Wang J, Lu C, Zhang K. Textile-based strain sensor for human motion detection. Energy Environ Mater, 2019, 0, 1

[26]

Sill T J, Recum H A. Electrospinning: applications in drug delivery and tissue engineering. Biomaterials, 2008, 29, 1989

[27]

Zhang Y, Yuan S, Feng X, et al. Preparation of nanofibrous metal–organic framework filters for efficient air pollution control. J Am Chem Soc, 2016, 138, 5785

[28]

Shuai X T, Zhu P L, Zeng W J, et al. Highly sensitive flexible pressure sensor based on silver nanowires-embedded polydimethylsiloxane electrode with microarray structure. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017, 9, 26314

[29]

Wan L Y. Nanofibers for smart textiles. Wiley, 2018

[30]

Ko F K, Kuznetsov V, Flahaut E. Formation of nanofibers and nanotubes production. Nanoeng Nanofibrous Mater, 2004

[31]

Nabet B. When is small good? on unusual electronic properties of nanowires ECE Department, Philadelphia, 2002, 19104

[32]

El-Aufy A, Nabet B, Ko F. Carbon nanotube reinforced (PEDT/PAN) nanocomposite for wearable electronics. Polym Prepr, 2003, 44, 134

[33]

Wang L, Wang K, Lou Z, et al. Plant-based modular building blocks for “green” electronic skins. Adv Funct Mater, 2018, 28, 1804510

[34]

Wang L, Jackman J A, Ng W B, et al. Flexible, graphene-coated biocomposite for highly sensitive, real-time molecular detection. Adv Funct Mater, 2016, 26, 8623

[35]

Wang L, Jackman J A, Park J H, et al. A flexible, ultra-sensitive chemical sensor with 3D biomimetic templating for diabetes-related acetone detection. J Mater Chem B, 2017, 5, 4019

[36]

Ren G Y, Cai F Y, Li B Z, et al. Flexible pressure sensor based on a poly(VDF-TrFE) nanofiber web. Macromol Mater Eng, 2013, 298, 541

[37]

Lee J H, Kim J, Liu D, et al. Highly aligned, anisotropic carbon nanofiber films for multidirectional strain sensors with exceptional selectivity. Adv Funct Mater, 2019, 29, 1901623

[38]

Wang Q, Jian M Q, Wang C Y, et al. Carbonized silk nanofiber membrane for transparent and sensitive electronic skin. Adv Funct Mater, 2017, 27, 1605657

[39]

Zhao G R, Huang B S, Zhang J X, et at. Electrospun poly(l-lactic acid) nanofibers for nanogenerator and diagnostic sensor applications. Macromol Mater Eng, 2017, 302, 1600476

[40]

Gao Q, Meguro H, Okamoto S, et al. Flexible tactile sensor using the reversible deformation of poly(3-hexylthiophene) nanofiber assemblies. Langmuir, 2012, 28, 17593

[41]

Wang J, Suzuki R, Shao M, et al. Capacitive pressure sensor with wide-range, bendable, and high sensitivity based on the bionic komochi konbu structure and Cu/Ni nanofiber network. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2019, 11, 11928

[42]

Roy K, Ghosh S K, Sultana A, et al. A self-powered wearable pressure sensor and pyroelectric breathing sensor based on GO interfaced PVDF nanofibers. ACS Appl Nano Mater, 2019, 2, 2013

[43]

Zhao G R, Zhang X D, Cui X, et al. Piezoelectric polyacrylonitrile nanofiber film-based dual-function self-powered flexible sensor. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10, 15855

[44]

Qi K, He J X, Wang H B, et al. A highly stretchable nanofiber-based electronic skin with pressure-, strain-, and flexion-sensitive properties for health and motion monitoring. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017, 9, 42951

[45]

Lou M, Abdalla I, Zhu M M, et al. Hierarchically rough structured and self-powered pressure sensor textile for motion sensing and pulse monitoring. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2020, 12, 1597

[46]

Wu S Y, Zhang J, Ladani R B, et al. Novel electrically conductive porous PDMS/Carbon nanofiber composites for deformable strain sensors and conductors. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017, 9, 14207

[47]

Garain S, Jana S, Kumar T, et al. Design of in situ poled Ce3+-doped electrospun PVDF/graphene composite nanofibers for fabrication of nanopressure sensor and ultrasensitive acoustic nanogenerator. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016, 8, 4532

[48]

Deng W L, Yang T, Jing L, et al. Cowpea-structured PVDF/ZnO nanofibers based flexible self-powered piezoelectric bending motion sensor towards remote control of gestures. Nano Energy, 2019, 55, 516

[49]

Gao J F, Li B, Huang X W, et al. Electrically conductive and fluorine free superhydrophobic strain sensors based on SiO2/graphene-decorated electrospun nanofibers for human motion monitoring. Chem Eng J, 2019, 373, 298

[50]

Yan T, Wang Z, Wang Y Q, et al. Carbon/graphene composite nanofiber yarns for highly sensitive strain sensors. Mater Des, 2018, 143, 214

[51]

Lin M F, Xiong J Q, Wang J X, et al. Core-shell nanofiber mats for tactile pressure sensor and nanogenerator applications. Nano Energy, 2018, 44, 248

[52]

Jiang D W, Wang Y, Li B, et al. Flexible sandwich structural strain sensor based on silver nanowires decorated with self-healing substrate. Macromol Mater Eng, 2019, 304, 1900074

[53]

Kang M, Park J H, Lee K I, et al. Fully flexible and transparent piezoelectric touch sensors based on ZnO nanowires and BaTiO3-added SiO2 capping layers. Phys Status Solidi A, 2015, 212, 2005

[54]

Wang Y, Zhu L P, Du C F. Flexible difunctional (pressure and light) sensors based on ZnO nanowires/graphene heterostructures. Adv Mater Interfaces, 2000, 7, 1901932

[55]

Lee T, Lee W, Kim S W, et al. Flexible textile strain wireless sensor functionalized with hybrid carbon nanomaterials supported ZnO nanowires with controlled aspect ratio. Adv Funct Mater, 2016, 26, 6206

[56]

Shi X Q, Peng M Z, Kou J Z, et al. A flexible GaN nanowire array-based schottky-type visible light sensor with strain-enhanced photoresponsivity. Adv Electron Mater, 2015, 1, 1500169

[57]

Kim Y, Kim J W. Silver nanowire networks embedded in urethane acrylate for flexible capacitive touch sensor. Appl Surf Sci, 2016, 363, 1

[58]

Peng Y Y, Que M L, Lee H E, et al. Achieving high-resolution pressure mapping via flexible GaN/ZnO nanowire LEDs array by piezo-phototronic effect. Nano Energy, 2019, 58, 633

[59]

Xu X J, Wang R R, Nie P, et al. Copper nanowire-based aerogel with tunable pore structure and its application as flexible pressure sensor. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2017, 9, 14273

[60]

Amjadi M, Pichitpajongkit A, Lee S, et al. Highly stretchable and sensitive strain sensor based on silver nanowire–elastomer nanocomposite. ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 5154

[61]

Lou C, Liu N S, Zhang H, et al. A new approach for ultrahigh-performance piezoresistive sensor based on wrinkled PPy film with electrospun PVA nanowires as spacer. Nano Energy, 2017, 41, 527

[62]

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D Y Wang, L L Wang, G Z Shen, Nanofiber/nanowires-based flexible and stretchable sensors[J]. J. Semicond., 2020, 41(4): 041605. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/4/041605.

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Manuscript received: 31 January 2020 Manuscript revised: 06 March 2020 Online: Accepted Manuscript: 14 March 2020 Uncorrected proof: 02 April 2020 Published: 10 April 2020

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