J. Semicond. > Volume 41?>?Issue 5?> Article Number: 051202

HI hydrolysis-derived intermediate as booster for CsPbI3 perovskite: from crystal structure, film fabrication to device performance

Zhizai Li and Zhiwen Jin ,

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Abstract: Nowadays, inorganic CsPbI3 perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have become one of the most attractive research hotspots in photovoltaic field for its superior chemical stability and excellent photo-electronic properties. Since the first independent report in 2015, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of CsPbI3 based PSCs has sharply increased from 3.9% to 19.03%. Importantly, during the developing process of CsPbI3 PSCs, HI hydrolysis-derived intermediate plays an important role: from stabilizing the crystal structure, optimizing the fabricated film to boosting the device performance. In this review, the different crystal and electronic structures of CsPbI3 are introduced. We then trace the history and disputes of HI hydrolysis-derived intermediate to make this review more logical. Meanwhile, we highlight the functions of HI hydrolysis-derived intermediate, and systematically summarize the advanced works on CsPbI3 PSCs. Finally, the bottlenecks and prospects are revealed to further increase the CsPbI3 PSCs performance.

Key words: CsPbI3HIintermediatecrystal structurestability

Abstract: Nowadays, inorganic CsPbI3 perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have become one of the most attractive research hotspots in photovoltaic field for its superior chemical stability and excellent photo-electronic properties. Since the first independent report in 2015, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of CsPbI3 based PSCs has sharply increased from 3.9% to 19.03%. Importantly, during the developing process of CsPbI3 PSCs, HI hydrolysis-derived intermediate plays an important role: from stabilizing the crystal structure, optimizing the fabricated film to boosting the device performance. In this review, the different crystal and electronic structures of CsPbI3 are introduced. We then trace the history and disputes of HI hydrolysis-derived intermediate to make this review more logical. Meanwhile, we highlight the functions of HI hydrolysis-derived intermediate, and systematically summarize the advanced works on CsPbI3 PSCs. Finally, the bottlenecks and prospects are revealed to further increase the CsPbI3 PSCs performance.

Key words: CsPbI3HIintermediatecrystal structurestability



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[1]

Kojima A, Teshima K, Shirai Y, et al. Organometal halide perovskites as visible-light sensitizers for photovoltaic cells. J Am Chem Soc, 2009, 131, 6050

[2]

NREL. https://wwwnrelgov/pv/device-performancehtml. 2019

[3]

Jiang J, Wang Q, Jin Z, et al. Polymer doping for high-efficiency perovskite solar cells with improved moisture stability. Adv Energy Mater, 2018, 8, 1701757

[4]

Jiang J, Jin Z, Gao F, et al. CsPbCl3-driven low-trap-density perovskite grain growth for > 20% solar cell efficiency. Adv Sci, 2018, 5, 1800474

[5]

Wehrenfennig C, Eperon G E, Johnston M B, et al. High charge carrier mobilities and lifetimes in organolead trihalide perovskites. Adv Mater, 2014, 26, 1584

[6]

Hu W, Cong H, Huang W, et al. Germanium/perovskite heterostructure for high-performance and broadband photodetector from visible to infrared telecommunication band. Light: Sci Appl, 2019, 8, 106

[7]

D'Innocenzo V, Grancini G, Alcocer M J P, et al. Excitons versus free charges in organo-lead tri-halide perovskites. Nat Commun, 2014, 5, 3586

[8]

Lin Q, Armin A, Nagiri R C R, et al. Electro-optics of perovskite solar cells. Nat Photon, 2014, 9, 106

[9]

Fang H H, Wang F, Adjokatse S, et al. Photoexcitation dynamics in solution-processed formamidinium lead iodide perovskite thin films for solar cell applications. Light: Sci Appl, 2016, 5, e16056

[10]

Noh J H, Im S H, Heo J H, et al. Chemical management for colorful, efficient, and stable inorganic–organic hybrid nanostructured solar cells. Nano Lett, 2013, 13, 1764

[11]

Bian H, Bai D, Jin Z, et al. Graded bandgap CsPbI2+ xBr1– x perovskite solar cells with a stabilized efficiency of 14.4%. Joule, 2018, 2, 1500

[12]

Stranks S D, Eperon G E, Grancini G, et al. Electron-hole diffusion lengths exceeding 1 micrometer in an organometal trihalide perovskite absorber. Science, 2013, 342, 341

[13]

Wang H, Bian H, Jin Z, et al. Synergy of hydrophobic surface capping and lattice contraction for stable and high-efficiency inorganic CsPbI2Br perovskite solar cells. Solar RRL, 2018, 2, 1800216

[14]

Stoumpos C C, Malliakas C D, Kanatzidis M G. Semiconducting tin and lead iodide perovskites with organic cations: phase transitions, high mobilities, and near-infrared photoluminescent properties. Inorg Chem, 2013, 52, 9019

[15]

Zhao Y C, Zhou W K, Zhou X, et al. Quantification of light-enhanced ionic transport in lead iodide perovskite thin films and its solar cell applications. Light: Sci Appl, 2017, 6, e16243

[16]

Xiao C, Li Z, Guthrey H, et al. Mechanisms of electron-beam-induced damage in perovskite thin films revealed by cathodoluminescence spectroscopy. J Phys Chem C, 2015, 119, 26904

[17]

Akbulatov A F, Luchkin S Y, Frolova L A, et al. Probing the intrinsic thermal and photochemical stability of hybrid and inorganic lead halide perovskites. J Phys Chem Lett, 2017, 8, 1211

[18]

Zhou W, Zhao Y, Zhou X, et al. Light-independent ionic transport in inorganic perovskite and ultrastable cs-based perovskite solar cells. J Phys Chem Lett, 2017, 8, 4122

[19]

Wang Q, Zhang X, Jin Z, et al. Energy-down-shift CsPbCl3:Mn quantum dots for boosting the efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells. ACS Energy Lett, 2017, 2, 1479

[20]

Jin Z, Yan J, Huang X, et al. Solution-processed transparent coordination polymer electrode for photovoltaic solar cells. Nano Energy, 2017, 40, 376

[21]

Jiang J, Jin Z, Lei J, et al. ITIC surface modification to achieve synergistic electron transport layer enhancement for planar-type perovskite solar cells with efficiency exceeding 20%. J Mater Chem A, 2017, 5, 9514

[22]

Beal R E, Slotcavage D J, Leijtens T, et al. Cesium lead halide perovskites with improved stability for tandem solar cells. J Phys Chem Lett, 2016, 7, 746

[23]

Jia X, Zuo C, Tao S, et al. CsPb(I xBr1? x)3 solar cells. Sci Bull, 2019, 64, 1532

[24]

Zhang X, Jin Z, Zhang J, et al. All-ambient processed binary CsPbBr3-CsPb2Br5 perovskites with synergistic enhancement for high-efficiency Cs-Pb-Br-based solar cells. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10, 7145

[25]

Zhang J, Bai D, Jin Z, et al. 3D–2D–0D interface profiling for record efficiency all-inorganic CsPbBrI2 perovskite solar cells with superior stability. Adv Energy Mater, 2018, 8, 1703246

[26]

Bai D, Zhang J, Jin Z, et al. Interstitial Mn2+-driven high-aspect-ratio grain growth for low-trap-density microcrystalline films for record efficiency CsPbI2Br solar cells. ACS Energy Lett, 2018, 3, 970

[27]

Zhang Y Y, Chen S, Xu P, et al. Intrinsic instability of the hybrid halide perovskite semiconductor CH3NH3PbI3. Chin Phys Lett, 2018, 35, 036104

[28]

Kang C H, Dursun I, Liu G, et al. High-speed colour-converting photodetector with all-inorganic CsPbBr3 perovskite nanocrystals for ultraviolet light communication. Light: Sci Appl, 2019, 8, 94

[29]

Liu G, Zhou C, Wan F, et al. Dependence of power conversion properties of perovskite solar cells on operating temperature. Appl Phys Lett, 2018, 113, 3501

[30]

Liu G, Yang B, Liu B, et al. Irreversible light-soaking effect of perovskite solar cells caused by light-induced oxygen vacancies in titanium oxide. Appl Phys Lett, 2017, 111, 3501

[31]

Wang J F, Lin D X, Yuan Y B. Recent progress of ion migration in organometal halide perovskite. Acta Phys Sin, 2019, 68, 158801

[32]

Ahmad W, Khan J, Niu G, et al. Inorganic CsPbI3 perovskite-based solar cells: a choice for a tandem device. Solar RRL, 2017, 1, 1700048

[33]

Wang P, Zhang X, Zhou Y, et al. Solvent-controlled growth of inorganic perovskite films in dry environment for efficient and stable solar cells. Nat Commun, 2018, 9, 2225

[34]

Zhang X, Wang Q, Jin Z, et al. Stable ultra-fast broad-bandwidth photodetectors based on α-CsPbI3 perovskite and NaYF4:Yb,Er quantum dots. Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 6278

[35]

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Z Z Li, Z W Jin, HI hydrolysis-derived intermediate as booster for CsPbI3 perovskite: from crystal structure, film fabrication to device performance[J]. J. Semicond., 2020, 41(5): 051202. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/5/051202.

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Manuscript received: 04 February 2020 Manuscript revised: 23 February 2020 Online: Accepted Manuscript: 31 March 2020 Uncorrected proof: 03 April 2020 Published: 13 May 2020

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