J. Semicond. > Volume 40?>?Issue 11?> Article Number: 111603

Electrospun flexible sensor

Qi Liu 1, , Seeram Ramakrishna 1, 2, and Yun-Ze Long 1, ,

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Abstract: Flexible sensors have received wide attention because of their ability to adapt to a variety of complex environments. Electrospinning technology has significant advantages in the preparation of flexible sensors. This paper summarizes the progress in the preparation of flexible sensors by electrospinning. Sensors that respond to light, stress, and gas are presented separately. Finally, some directions for electrospinning and flexible sensors are discussed.

Key words: electrospinningsensornanofibers

Abstract: Flexible sensors have received wide attention because of their ability to adapt to a variety of complex environments. Electrospinning technology has significant advantages in the preparation of flexible sensors. This paper summarizes the progress in the preparation of flexible sensors by electrospinning. Sensors that respond to light, stress, and gas are presented separately. Finally, some directions for electrospinning and flexible sensors are discussed.

Key words: electrospinningsensornanofibers



References:

[1]

Zheng J, Long Y Z, Sun B, et al. Polymer nanofibers prepared by low-voltage near-field electrospinning. Chin Phys B, 2012, 21(4), 048102

[2]

Zheng J, Sun B, Long Y Z, et al. Fabrication of nanofibers by low-voltage near-field electrospinning. Adv Mater Res, 2012, 486, 60

[3]

He X X, Zheng J, Yu G F, et al. Near-field electrospinning: progress and applications. J Phys Chem C, 2017, 121(16), 8663

[4]

Si W Y, Zhang H D, Liu Y J, et al. Fabrication and pressure sensing analysis of ZnO/PVDF composite microfiber arrays by low-voltage near-field electrospinning. Chem J Chin Univ-Chin, 2017, 38(6), 997

[5]

You M H, Wang X X, Yan X, et al. A self-powered flexible hybrid piezoelectric-pyroelectric nanogenerator based on non-woven nanofiber membranes. J Mater Chem A, 2018, 6(8), 3500

[6]

Sui J X, Wang X X, Song C, et al. Preparation and low-temperature electrical and magnetic properties of La0.33Pr0.34Ca0.33MnO3 nanofibers via electrospinning. J Magnet Magnet Mater, 2018, 467, 74

[7]

Shen H, Li L, Xu D. Preparation of one-dimensional SnO2–In2O3 nano-heterostructures and their gas-sensing property. RSC Adv, 2017, 7(53), 33098

[8]

Chen S, Long Y Z, Zhang H D, et al. Fabrication of ultrathin In2O3 hollow fibers for UV light sensing. Phys Scrip, 2014, 89(11), 115808

[9]

Chen S, Yu M, Han W P, et al. Electrospun anatase TiO2 nanorods for flexible optoelectronic devices. Rsc Adv, 2014, 4(86), 46152

[10]

You M H, Yan X, Zhang J, et al. Colorimetric humidity sensors based on electrospun polyamide/CoCl2 nanofibrous membranes. Nanoscale Res Lett, 2017, 12, 360

[11]

Pyo J Y, Cho W J. In-plane-gate a-IGZO thin-film transistor for high-sensitivity pH sensor applications. Sens Actuators B, 2018, 276, 101

[12]

Li S, Zhang J, Ju D D, et al. Flexible inorganic composite nanofibers with carboxyl modification for controllable drug delivery and enhanced optical monitoring functionality. Chem Eng J, 2018, 350, 645

[13]

Zhang J, Li S, Ju D D, et al. Flexible inorganic core-shell nanofibers endowed with tunable multicolor upconversion fluorescence for simultaneous monitoring dual drug delivery. Chem Eng J, 2018, 349, 554

[14]

Chen S, Liu G S, He H W, et al. Physical structure induced hydrophobicity analyzed from electrospinning and coating polyvinyl butyral films. Adv Conden Matter Phys, 2019, 2019, 6179456

[15]

Liu G S, Yan X, Yan F F, et al. In situ electrospinning iodine-based fibrous meshes for antibacterial wound dressing. Nanoscale Res Lett, 2018, 13(1), 309

[16]

Yan X, Yu M, Ramakrishna S, et al. Advances in portable electrospinning devices for in situ delivery of personalized wound care. Nanoscale, 2019

[17]

Liu H, Zhang Z G, Wang X X, et al. Highly flexible Fe2O3/TiO2 composite nanofibers for photocatalysis and utraviolet detection. J Phys Chem Solids, 2018, 121, 236

[18]

Zhang J, Wang X X, B Zhang B, et al. In situ assembly of well-dispersed Ag nanoparticles throughout electrospun alginate nanofibers for monitoring human breath-smart fabrics. Acs Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10(23), 19863

[19]

Zhang H D, Yu M, Zhang J C, et al. Fabrication and photoelectric properties of La-doped p-type ZnO nanofibers and crossed p–n homojunctions by electrospinning. Nanoscale, 2015, 7(23), 10513

[20]

Liu S, L Liu S L, Long Y Z, et al. Fabrication of p-type ZnO nanofibers by electrospinning for field-effect and rectifying devices. Appl Phys Lett, 2014, 104(4), 042105

[21]

Liu Y J, Zhang H D, Zhang J, et al. Effects of Ce doping and humidity on UV sensing properties of electrospun ZnO nanofibers. J Appl Phys, 2017, 122(10), 105102

[22]

Liu X, Gu L L, Zhang Q P, et al. All-printable band-edge modulated ZnO nanowire photodetectors with ultra-high detectivity. Nat Commun, 2014, 5, 4007

[23]

Zhang H D, Liu Y J, Zhang J, et al. Electrospun ZnO/SiO2 hybrid nanofibers for flexible pressure sensor. J Phys D, 2018, 51(8), 085102

[24]

Tong L, Wang X X, He X X, et al. Electrically conductive TPU nanofibrous composite with high stretchability for flexible strain sensor. Nanoscale Res Lett, 2018, 13, 86

[25]

Yu G F, Yan X, Yu M, et al. Patterned, highly stretchable and conductive nanofibrous PANI/PVDF strain sensors based on electrospinning and in situ polymerization. Nanoscale, 2016, 8(5), 2944

[26]

Hu W P, Zhang B, Zhang J, et al. Ag/alginate nanofiber membrane for flexible electronic skin. Nanotechnology, 2017, 28(44), 445502

[27]

Zhang H D, Long Y Z, Li Z J, et al. Fabrication of comb-like ZnO nanostructures for room-temperature CO gas sensing application. Vacuum, 2014, 101, 113

[28]

Zhang H D, Yan X, Zhang Z H, et al. Electrospun PEDOT:PSS/PVP nanofibers for CO gas sensing with quartz crystal microbalance technique. Int J Polym Sci, 2016, 2016, 3021353

[29]

Zhang H D, Tang C C, Long Y Z, et al. High-sensitivity gas sensors based on arranged polyaniline/PMMA composite fibers. Sens Actuators A, 2014, 219, 123

[30]

Sheng C H, Zhang H D, S Chen S, et al. Fabrication, structural and humidity sensing properties of BaTiO3 nanofibers via electrospinning. Int J Modern Phys B, 2015, 29(12), 1550066

[31]

Zhang Q Q, Wang X X, J Fu J, et al. Electrospinning of ultrafine conducting polymer composite nanofibers with diameter less than 70 nm as high sensitive gas sensor. Materials, 2018, 11(9), 1744

[32]

Wang X X, Song W Z, You M H, et al. Bionic single-electrode electronic skin unit based on piezoelectric nanogenerator. Acs Nano, 2018, 12(8), 8588

[33]

Guo W Z, Tan C X, Shi K M, et al. Wireless piezoelectric devices based on electrospun PVDF/BaTiO3 NW nanocomposite fibers for human motion monitoring. Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 17751

[34]

Qiu H J, Song W Z, Wang X X, et al. A calibration-free self-powered sensor for vital sign monitoring and finger tap communication based on wearable triboelectric nanogenerator. Nano Energy, 2019, 58, 536

[35]

Huang C, Chen S, Lai C, et al. Electrospun polymer nanofibres with small diameters. Nanotechnology, 2006, 17(6), 1558

[36]

Yang R, He J, Xu L, et al. Bubble-electrospinning for fabricating nanofibers. Polymer, 2009, 50(24), 5846

[37]

Jian S, Zhu J, Jiang S, et al. Nanofibers with diameter below one nanometer from electrospinning. RSC Adv, 2018, 8(9), 4794

[1]

Zheng J, Long Y Z, Sun B, et al. Polymer nanofibers prepared by low-voltage near-field electrospinning. Chin Phys B, 2012, 21(4), 048102

[2]

Zheng J, Sun B, Long Y Z, et al. Fabrication of nanofibers by low-voltage near-field electrospinning. Adv Mater Res, 2012, 486, 60

[3]

He X X, Zheng J, Yu G F, et al. Near-field electrospinning: progress and applications. J Phys Chem C, 2017, 121(16), 8663

[4]

Si W Y, Zhang H D, Liu Y J, et al. Fabrication and pressure sensing analysis of ZnO/PVDF composite microfiber arrays by low-voltage near-field electrospinning. Chem J Chin Univ-Chin, 2017, 38(6), 997

[5]

You M H, Wang X X, Yan X, et al. A self-powered flexible hybrid piezoelectric-pyroelectric nanogenerator based on non-woven nanofiber membranes. J Mater Chem A, 2018, 6(8), 3500

[6]

Sui J X, Wang X X, Song C, et al. Preparation and low-temperature electrical and magnetic properties of La0.33Pr0.34Ca0.33MnO3 nanofibers via electrospinning. J Magnet Magnet Mater, 2018, 467, 74

[7]

Shen H, Li L, Xu D. Preparation of one-dimensional SnO2–In2O3 nano-heterostructures and their gas-sensing property. RSC Adv, 2017, 7(53), 33098

[8]

Chen S, Long Y Z, Zhang H D, et al. Fabrication of ultrathin In2O3 hollow fibers for UV light sensing. Phys Scrip, 2014, 89(11), 115808

[9]

Chen S, Yu M, Han W P, et al. Electrospun anatase TiO2 nanorods for flexible optoelectronic devices. Rsc Adv, 2014, 4(86), 46152

[10]

You M H, Yan X, Zhang J, et al. Colorimetric humidity sensors based on electrospun polyamide/CoCl2 nanofibrous membranes. Nanoscale Res Lett, 2017, 12, 360

[11]

Pyo J Y, Cho W J. In-plane-gate a-IGZO thin-film transistor for high-sensitivity pH sensor applications. Sens Actuators B, 2018, 276, 101

[12]

Li S, Zhang J, Ju D D, et al. Flexible inorganic composite nanofibers with carboxyl modification for controllable drug delivery and enhanced optical monitoring functionality. Chem Eng J, 2018, 350, 645

[13]

Zhang J, Li S, Ju D D, et al. Flexible inorganic core-shell nanofibers endowed with tunable multicolor upconversion fluorescence for simultaneous monitoring dual drug delivery. Chem Eng J, 2018, 349, 554

[14]

Chen S, Liu G S, He H W, et al. Physical structure induced hydrophobicity analyzed from electrospinning and coating polyvinyl butyral films. Adv Conden Matter Phys, 2019, 2019, 6179456

[15]

Liu G S, Yan X, Yan F F, et al. In situ electrospinning iodine-based fibrous meshes for antibacterial wound dressing. Nanoscale Res Lett, 2018, 13(1), 309

[16]

Yan X, Yu M, Ramakrishna S, et al. Advances in portable electrospinning devices for in situ delivery of personalized wound care. Nanoscale, 2019

[17]

Liu H, Zhang Z G, Wang X X, et al. Highly flexible Fe2O3/TiO2 composite nanofibers for photocatalysis and utraviolet detection. J Phys Chem Solids, 2018, 121, 236

[18]

Zhang J, Wang X X, B Zhang B, et al. In situ assembly of well-dispersed Ag nanoparticles throughout electrospun alginate nanofibers for monitoring human breath-smart fabrics. Acs Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10(23), 19863

[19]

Zhang H D, Yu M, Zhang J C, et al. Fabrication and photoelectric properties of La-doped p-type ZnO nanofibers and crossed p–n homojunctions by electrospinning. Nanoscale, 2015, 7(23), 10513

[20]

Liu S, L Liu S L, Long Y Z, et al. Fabrication of p-type ZnO nanofibers by electrospinning for field-effect and rectifying devices. Appl Phys Lett, 2014, 104(4), 042105

[21]

Liu Y J, Zhang H D, Zhang J, et al. Effects of Ce doping and humidity on UV sensing properties of electrospun ZnO nanofibers. J Appl Phys, 2017, 122(10), 105102

[22]

Liu X, Gu L L, Zhang Q P, et al. All-printable band-edge modulated ZnO nanowire photodetectors with ultra-high detectivity. Nat Commun, 2014, 5, 4007

[23]

Zhang H D, Liu Y J, Zhang J, et al. Electrospun ZnO/SiO2 hybrid nanofibers for flexible pressure sensor. J Phys D, 2018, 51(8), 085102

[24]

Tong L, Wang X X, He X X, et al. Electrically conductive TPU nanofibrous composite with high stretchability for flexible strain sensor. Nanoscale Res Lett, 2018, 13, 86

[25]

Yu G F, Yan X, Yu M, et al. Patterned, highly stretchable and conductive nanofibrous PANI/PVDF strain sensors based on electrospinning and in situ polymerization. Nanoscale, 2016, 8(5), 2944

[26]

Hu W P, Zhang B, Zhang J, et al. Ag/alginate nanofiber membrane for flexible electronic skin. Nanotechnology, 2017, 28(44), 445502

[27]

Zhang H D, Long Y Z, Li Z J, et al. Fabrication of comb-like ZnO nanostructures for room-temperature CO gas sensing application. Vacuum, 2014, 101, 113

[28]

Zhang H D, Yan X, Zhang Z H, et al. Electrospun PEDOT:PSS/PVP nanofibers for CO gas sensing with quartz crystal microbalance technique. Int J Polym Sci, 2016, 2016, 3021353

[29]

Zhang H D, Tang C C, Long Y Z, et al. High-sensitivity gas sensors based on arranged polyaniline/PMMA composite fibers. Sens Actuators A, 2014, 219, 123

[30]

Sheng C H, Zhang H D, S Chen S, et al. Fabrication, structural and humidity sensing properties of BaTiO3 nanofibers via electrospinning. Int J Modern Phys B, 2015, 29(12), 1550066

[31]

Zhang Q Q, Wang X X, J Fu J, et al. Electrospinning of ultrafine conducting polymer composite nanofibers with diameter less than 70 nm as high sensitive gas sensor. Materials, 2018, 11(9), 1744

[32]

Wang X X, Song W Z, You M H, et al. Bionic single-electrode electronic skin unit based on piezoelectric nanogenerator. Acs Nano, 2018, 12(8), 8588

[33]

Guo W Z, Tan C X, Shi K M, et al. Wireless piezoelectric devices based on electrospun PVDF/BaTiO3 NW nanocomposite fibers for human motion monitoring. Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 17751

[34]

Qiu H J, Song W Z, Wang X X, et al. A calibration-free self-powered sensor for vital sign monitoring and finger tap communication based on wearable triboelectric nanogenerator. Nano Energy, 2019, 58, 536

[35]

Huang C, Chen S, Lai C, et al. Electrospun polymer nanofibres with small diameters. Nanotechnology, 2006, 17(6), 1558

[36]

Yang R, He J, Xu L, et al. Bubble-electrospinning for fabricating nanofibers. Polymer, 2009, 50(24), 5846

[37]

Jian S, Zhu J, Jiang S, et al. Nanofibers with diameter below one nanometer from electrospinning. RSC Adv, 2018, 8(9), 4794

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Q Liu, S Ramakrishna, Y Z Long, Electrospun flexible sensor[J]. J. Semicond., 2019, 40(11): 111603. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/11/111603.

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History

Manuscript received: 16 August 2019 Manuscript revised: Online: Accepted Manuscript: 23 September 2019 Uncorrected proof: 27 September 2019 Published: 08 November 2019

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