J. Semicond. > Volume 40?>?Issue 11?> Article Number: 111602

Recent advances in flexible photodetectors based on 1D nanostructures

Senpo Yip 1, 2, , Lifan Shen 1, 3, and Johnny C Ho 1, 2, ,

+ Author Affiliations + Find other works by these authors

PDF

Turn off MathJax

Abstract: Semiconductor nanowires have demonstrated excellent electronic and optoelectronic properties. When integrated into photodetectors, excellent device performance can be easily attained. Apart from the exceptional performance, these nanowires can also enable robust and mechanically flexible photodetectors for various advanced utilizations that the rigid counterparts cannot perform. These unique applications include personal healthcare, next-generation robotics and many others. In this review, we would first discuss the nanowire fabrication techniques as well as the assembly methods of constructing large-scale nanowire arrays. Then, the recent development of flexible photodetectors based on these different nanowire material systems is evaluated in detail. At the same time, we also introduce some recent advancement that allows individual photodetectors to integrate into a more complex system for advanced deployment. Finally, a short conclusion and outlook of challenges faced in the future of the community is presented.

Key words: nanowiresflexiblephotodetectors

Abstract: Semiconductor nanowires have demonstrated excellent electronic and optoelectronic properties. When integrated into photodetectors, excellent device performance can be easily attained. Apart from the exceptional performance, these nanowires can also enable robust and mechanically flexible photodetectors for various advanced utilizations that the rigid counterparts cannot perform. These unique applications include personal healthcare, next-generation robotics and many others. In this review, we would first discuss the nanowire fabrication techniques as well as the assembly methods of constructing large-scale nanowire arrays. Then, the recent development of flexible photodetectors based on these different nanowire material systems is evaluated in detail. At the same time, we also introduce some recent advancement that allows individual photodetectors to integrate into a more complex system for advanced deployment. Finally, a short conclusion and outlook of challenges faced in the future of the community is presented.

Key words: nanowiresflexiblephotodetectors



References:

[1]

Cheong P, Chang K F, Lai Y H, et al. A ZigBee-based wireless sensor network node for ultraviolet detection of flame. IEEE Trans Ind Electron, 2011, 58(11), 5271

[2]

Yao S, Swetha P, Zhu Y. Nanomaterial-enabled wearable sensors for healthcare. Adv Healthc Mater, 2018, 7(1)

[3]

Elgala H, Mesleh R, Haas H. Indoor optical wireless communication: Potential and state-of-the-art. IEEE Commun Mag, 2011, 49(9), 56

[4]

Zhang M, Yeow J T W. Flexible polymer-carbon nanotube composite with high-response stability for wearable thermal imaging. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10(31), 26604

[5]

Peng L, Hu L, Fang X. Energy harvesting for nanostructured self-powered photodetectors. Adv Funct Mater, 2014, 24(18), 2591

[6]

Xie C, Mak C, Tao X, et al. Photodetectors based on two-dimensional layered materials beyond graphene. Adv Funct Mater, 2017, 27(19), 1603886

[7]

Buscema M, Island J O, Groenendijk D J, et al. Photocurrent generation with two-dimensional van der Waals semiconductors. Chem Soc Rev, 2015, 44(11), 3691

[8]

Sun Z, Chang H. Graphene and graphene-like two-dimensional materials in photodetection: Mechanisms and methodology. ACS Nano, 2014, 8(5), 4133

[9]

Dejarld M, Shin J C, Chern W, et al. Formation of high aspect ratio GaAs nanostructures with metal-assisted chemical etching. Nano Lett, 2011, 11, 5259

[10]

Mohseni P K, Kim S H, Zhao X, et al. GaAs pillar array-based light emitting diodes fabricated by metal-assisted chemical etching. J Appl Phys, 2013, 114, 64909

[11]

Lu W, Lieber C M. Semiconductor nanowires. J Phys D, 2006, 39, R387

[12]

Yan R, Gargas D, Yang P. Nanowire photonics. Nat Photonics, 2009, 3, 569

[13]

Dick K A, Deppert K, Martensson T, et al. Failure of the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism in Au-assisted MOVPE growth of InAs nanowires. Nano Lett, 2005, 5, 761

[14]

Persson A, Larsson M, Stenstrom S, et al. Solid-phase diffusion mechanism for GaAs nanowire growth. Nat Mater, 2004, 3, 677

[15]

Morales A M, Lieber C M. A laser ablation method for the synthesis of crystalline semiconductor nanowires. Science, 1998, 279, 208

[16]

Colombo C, Spirkoska D, Frimmer M, et al. Ga-assisted catalyst-free growth mechanism of GaAs nanowires by molecular beam epitaxy. Phys Rev B, 2008, 77, 155326

[17]

Han N, Wang F, Hui A T, et al. Facile synthesis and growth mechanism of Ni-catalyzed GaAs nanowires on non-crystalline substrates. Nanotechnology, 2011, 22, 285607

[18]

Hui A T, Wang F, Han N, et al. High-performance indium phosphide nanowires synthesized on amorphous substrates: from formation mechanism to optical and electrical transport measurements. J Mater Chem, 2012, 22, 10704

[19]

Yang Z X, Wang F, Han N, et al. Crystalline GaSb nanowires synthesized on amorphous substrates: From the formation mechanism to p-channel transistor applications. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2013, 5, 10946

[20]

Zhou Q, Park J G, Nie R, et al. Nanochannel-assisted perovskite nanowires: from growth mechanisms to photodetector applications. ACS Nano, 2018, 12, 8406

[21]

Zhu H, Fu Y, Meng F, et al. Lead halide perovskite nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds and high quality factors. Nat Mater, 2015, 14, 636

[22]

Gholipour B, Adamo G, Cortecchia D, et al. Organometallic perovskite metasurfaces. Adv Mater, 2017, 29, 1604268

[23]

Maceiczyk R M, Dumbgen K, Lignos I, et al. Microfluidic reactors provide preparative and mechanistic insights into the synthesis of formamidinium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals. Chem Mater, 2017, 29, 8433

[24]

Lignos I, Maceiczyk R M, Demello A J. Microfluidic technology: uncovering the mechanisms of nanocrystal nucleation and growth. Acc Chem Res, 2017, 50, 1248

[25]

Zhang H, Dai X, Guan N, et al. Flexible photodiodes based on nitride core/shell p–n junction nanowires. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016, 8, 26198

[26]

Takahashi T, Takei K, Adabi E, et al. Parallel array InAs nanowire transistors for mechanically bendable, ultrahigh frequency electronics. ACS Nano, 2010, 4, 5855

[27]

Fan Z, Ho J C, Takahashi T, et al. Toward the development of printable nanowire electronics and sensors. Adv Mater, 2009, 21, 3730

[28]

Fan Z, Ho J C, Jacobson Z A, et al. Wafer-scale assembly of highly ordered semiconductor nanowire arrays by contact printing. Nano Lett, 2008, 8, 20

[29]

Hou J J, Han N, Wang F, et al. Synthesis and characterizations of ternary InGaAs nanowires by a two-step growth method for high-performance electronic devices. ACS Nano, 2012, 6, 3624

[30]

Li D, Lan C, Manikandan A, et al. Ultra-fast photodetectors based on high-mobility indium gallium antimonide nanowires. Nat Commun, 2019, 10, 1664

[31]

Assad O, Leshansky A, Wang B, et al. Spray-coating route for highly aligned and large-scale arrays of nanowires. ACS Nano, 2012, 6, 4702

[32]

Lee J, Shin D, Park J. Fabrication of silver nanowire-based stretchable electrodes using spray coating. Thin Solid Films, 2016, 608, 34

[33]

Binda M, Natali D, Iacchetti A, et al. Integration of an organic photodetector onto a plastic optical fiber by means of spray coating technique. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(31), 4335

[34]

Park S, Kim S J, Nam J H, et al. Significant enhancement of infrared photodetector sensitivity using a semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube/C60 phototransistor. Adv Mater, 2015, 27, 759

[35]

Konstantatos G, Clifford J, Levina L, et al. Sensitive solution-processed visible-wavelength photodetectors. Nat Photonics, 2007, 1(9), 531

[36]

Konstantatos G, Howard I, Fischer A, et al. Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors. Nature, 2006, 442(7099), 180

[37]

Mueller T, Xia F, Avouris P. Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications. Nat Photonics, 2010, 4(5), 297

[38]

Xia F, Mueller T, Lin Y M, et al. Ultrafast graphene photodetector. Nat Nanotechnol, 2009, 4, 839

[39]

Liu Y, Wang F, Wang X, et al. Planar carbon nanotube–graphene hybrid films for high-performance broadband photodetectors. Nat Commun, 2015, 6, 8589

[40]

Xie J, Liu W, Macewan M R, et al. Neurite outgrowth on electrospun nanofibers with uniaxial alignment: the effects of fiber density, surface coating, and supporting substrate. ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 1878

[41]

Hu X, Zhang X, Liang L, et al. High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite. Adv Funct Mater, 2014, 24(46), 7373

[42]

Wu H, Sun Y, Lin D, et al. GaN Nanofibers based on electrospinning: facile synthesis, controlled assembly, precise doping, and application as high performance UV photodetector. Adv Mater, 2009, 21, 227

[43]

Zheng Z, Gan L, Zhai T. Electrospun nanowire arrays for electronics and optoelectronics. Sci Chin Mater, 2016, 59, 200

[44]

Liu X, Gu L, Zhang Q, et al. All-printable band-edge modulated ZnO nanowire photodetectors with ultra-high detectivity. Nat Commun, 2014, 5, 4007

[45]

Li D, Wang Y, Xia Y. Electrospinning nanofibers as uniaxially aligned arrays and layer-by-layer stacked films. Adv Mater, 2004, 16, 361

[46]

Dai X, Messanvi A, Zhang H, et al. Flexible light-emitting diodes based on vertical nitride nanowires. Nano Lett, 2015, 15, 6958

[47]

Richter M, Heumüller T, Matt G J, et al. Carbon photodetectors: the versatility of carbon allotropes. Adv Energy Mater, 2017, 7(10)

[48]

Barkelid M, Zwiller V. Photocurrent generation in semiconducting and metallic carbon nanotubes. Nat Photonics, 2014, 8(1), 47

[49]

Siitonen A J, Tsyboulski D A, Bachilo S M, et al. Dependence of exciton mobility on structure in single-walled carbon nanotubes. J Phys Chem Lett, 2010, 1(14), 2189

[50]

Chen K, Gao W, Emaminejad S, et al. Printed carbon nanotube electronics and sensor systems. Adv Mater, 2016, 28(22), 4397

[51]

Zhang S, Cai L, Wang T, et al. Fully printed flexible carbon nanotube photodetectors. Appl Phys Lett, 2017, 110(12)

[52]

Rogalski A, Chrzanowski K. Infrared devices and techniques. Metrol Meas Syst, 2014, 21(4), 565

[53]

Liu Y, Wei N, Zeng Q, et al. Room temperature broadband infrared carbon nanotube photodetector with high detectivity and stability. Adv Opt Mater, 2016, 4(2), 238

[54]

Huang Z, Gao M, Yan Z, et al. Flexible infrared detectors based on p–n junctions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Nanoscale, 2016, 8(18), 9592

[55]

Takahashi T, Yu Z, Chen K, et al. Carbon nanotube active-matrix backplanes for mechanically flexible visible light and X-ray imagers. Nano Lett, 2013, 13(11), 5425

[56]

Suzuki D, Oda S, Kawano Y. A flexible and wearable terahertz scanner. Nat Photonics, 2016, 10(12), 809

[57]

Liu Y, Liu Y, Qin S, et al. Graphene-carbon nanotube hybrid films for high-performance flexible photodetectors. Nano Res, 2017, 10(6), 1880

[58]

Pradhan B, Setyowati K, Liu H, et al. Carbon nanotube-polymer nanocomposite infrared sensor. Nano Lett, 2008, 8(4), 1142

[59]

Hou W, Zhao N J, Meng D, et al. Controlled growth of well-defined conjugated polymers from the surfaces of multiwalled carbon nanotubes: photoresponse enhancement via charge separation. ACS Nano, 2016, 10(5), 5189

[60]

Sarker B K, Arif M, Khondaker S I. Near-infrared photoresponse in single-walled carbon nanotube/polymer composite films. Carbon, 2010, 48(5), 1539

[61]

Pyo S, Kim W, Jung H Il, et al. Heterogeneous integration of carbon-nanotube–graphene for high-performance, flexible, and transparent photodetectors. Small, 2017, 13(27), 1700918

[62]

Du J, Pei S, Ma L, et al. Carbon nanotube- and graphene-based transparent conductive films for optoelectronic devices. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(13), 1958

[63]

Kim D H, Ahn J H, Won M C, et al. Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits. Science, 2008, 320(5875), 507

[64]

Huang Z, Geyer N, Werner P, et al. Metal-assisted chemical etching of silicon: A review. Adv Mater, 2011, 23(2), 285

[65]

Mulazimoglu E, Coskun S, Gunoven M, et al. Silicon nanowire network metal–semiconductor–metal photodetectors. Appl Phys Lett, 2013, 103(8), 083114

[66]

Kim D H, Lee W, Myoung J M. Flexible multi-wavelength photodetector based on porous silicon nanowires. Nanoscale, 2018, 10(37), 17705

[67]

Hossain M, Kumar G S, Barimar Prabhava S N, et al. Transparent, flexible silicon nanostructured wire networks with seamless junctions for high-performance photodetector applications. ACS Nano, 2018, 12(5), 4727

[68]

Shen L, Pun E Y B, Ho J C. Recent developments in III–V semiconducting nanowires for high-performance photodetectors. Mater Chem Front, 2017, 1, 630

[69]

Miao J, Hu W, Guo N, et al. Single InAs nanowire room-temperature near-infrared photodetectors. ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 3628

[70]

Han N, Yang Z X, Wang F, et al. High-performance GaAs nanowire solar cells for flexible and transparent photovoltaics. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2015, 7(36), 20454

[71]

Yang Z, Han N, Fang M, et al. Surfactant-assisted chemical vapour deposition of high-performance small-diameter GaSb nanowires. Nat Commun, 2014, 5, 5249

[72]

Duan T, Liao C, Chen T, et al. Single crystalline nitrogen-doped InP nanowires for low-voltage field-effect transistors and photodetectors on rigid silicon and flexible mica substrates. Nano Energy, 2015, 15, 293

[73]

Luo T, Liang B, Liu Z, et al. Single-GaSb-nanowire-based room temperature photodetectors with broad spectral response. Sci Bull, 2015, 60, 101

[74]

Royo M, De Luca M, Rurali R, et al. A review on III–V core–multishell nanowires: growth, properties, and applications. J Phys D, 2017, 50, 143001

[75]

Han S, Lee S K, Choi I, et al. Highly efficient and flexible photosensors with GaN nanowires horizontally embedded in a graphene sandwich channel. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10(44), 38173

[76]

Lapierre R R, Robson M, Azizur-Rahman K M, et al. A review of III-V nanowire infrared photodetectors and sensors. J Phys D, 2017, 50(12), 123001

[77]

Hua M, Zhang S, Pan B, et al. Heavy metal removal from water/wastewater by nanosized metal oxides: a review. J Hazard Mater, 2012, 211, 317

[78]

Zou Y, Zhang Y, Hu Y, et al. Ultraviolet detectors based on wide bandgap semiconductor nanowire: A review. Sensors, 2018, 18(7), 2072

[79]

Sun Y F, Liu S B, Meng F L, et al. Metal oxide nanostructures and their gas sensing properties: A review. Sensors, 2012, 12(3), 2610

[80]

Wong H S P, Lee H Y, Yu S, et al. Metal-oxide RRAM. Proc IEEE, 2012, 100(6), 1951

[81]

Zheng Z, Gan L, Zhang J B, et al. An enhanced UV-Vis-NIR an d flexible photodetector based on electrospun Zno nanowire array/PbS quantum dots film heterostructure. Adv Sci, 2017, 4(3), 1600316

[82]

Wang S, Sun H, Wang Z, et al. In situ synthesis of monoclinic β-Ga2O3 nanowires on flexible substrate and solar-blind photodetector. J Alloys Compd, 2019, 787(30), 133

[83]

Liu Z, Huang H, Liang B, et al. Zn2GeO4 and In2Ge2O7 nanowire mats based ultraviolet photodetectors on rigid and flexible substrates. Opt Express, 2012, 20, 2982

[84]

Mallampati B, Nair S V, Ruda H E, et al. Role of surface in high photoconductive gain measured in ZnO nanowire-based photodetector. J Nanoparticle Res, 2015, 17(4), 176

[85]

Alsultany F H, Hassan Z, Ahmed N M. A high-sensitivity, fast-response, rapid-recovery UV photodetector fabricated based on catalyst-free growth of ZnO nanowire networks on glass substrate. Opt Mater, 2016, 60, 30

[86]

Zhao X, Wang F, Shi L, et al. Performance enhancement in ZnO nanowire based double Schottky-barrier photodetector by applying optimized Ag nanoparticles. RSC Adv, 2016, 6(6), 4634

[87]

Liu J, Lu R, Xu G, et al. Development of a seedless floating growth process in solution for synthesis of crystalline ZnO micro/nanowire arrays on graphene: Towards high-performance nanohybrid ultraviolet photodetectors. Adv Funct Mater, 2013, 23(39), 4941

[88]

Wu J M, Chen Y R, Lin Y H. Rapidly synthesized ZnO nanowires by ultraviolet decomposition process in ambient air for flexible photodetector. Nanoscale, 2011, 3(3), 1053

[89]

Liu J, Wu W, Bai S, et al. Synthesis of high crystallinity ZnO nanowire array on polymer substrate and flexible fiber-based sensor. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2011, 3(11), 4197

[90]

Zheng Z, Gan L, Li H, et al. A fully transparent and flexible ultraviolet-visible photodetector based on controlled electrospun ZnO–CdO heterojunction nanofiber arrays. Adv Funct Mater, 2015, 25(37), 5885

[91]

Manekkathodi A, Lu M Y, Wang C W, et al. Direct growth of aligned zinc oxide nanorods on paper substrates for low-cost flexible electronics. Adv Mater, 2010, 22(36), 4059

[92]

Li L, Gu L, Lou Z, et al. ZnO Quantum dot decorated Zn2SnO4 nanowire heterojunction photodetectors with drastic performance enhancement and flexible ultraviolet image sensors. ACS Nano, 2017, 11(4), 4067

[93]

Shen X, Duan L, Li J, et al. Enhanced performance of flexible ultraviolet photodetectors based on carbon nitride quantum dot/ZnO nanowire nanocomposites. Mater Res Express, 2019, 6(4), 045002

[94]

Li L, Lou Z, Shen G. Flexible broadband image sensors with SnS quantum dots/Zn2SnO4 nanowires hybrid nanostructures. Adv Funct Mater, 2018, 28(6), 1705389

[95]

Dong Y, Zou Y, Song J, et al. Self-powered fiber-shaped wearable omnidirectional photodetectors. Nano Energy, 2016, 30, 173

[96]

Wang X, Liu B, Liu R, et al. Fiber-based flexible all-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitors for integrated photodetecting system. Angew Chemie, 2014, 53(7), 1849

[97]

Zhang F, Niu S, Guo W, et al. Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced visible/UV photodetector of a carbon-fiber/ZnO-CdS double-shell microwire. ACS Nano, 2013, 7(5), 4537

[98]

Wang S, Zou Y, Shan Q, et al. Nanowire network-based photodetectors with imaging performance for omnidirectional photodetecting through a wire-shaped structure. RSC Adv, 2018, 8(59), 3666

[99]

Sun H, Tian W, Cao F, et al. Ultrahigh-performance self-powered flexible double-twisted fibrous broadband perovskite photodetector. Adv Mater, 2018, 30(21), 1706986

[100]

Xie X, Shen G. Single-crystalline In2S3 nanowire-based flexible visible-light photodetectors with an ultra-high photoresponse. Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 5046

[101]

Graham R, Miller C, Oh E, et al. Electric field dependent photocurrent decay length in single lead sulfide nanowire field effect transistors. Nano Lett, 2011, 11(2), 717

[102]

Li L, Lou Z, Shen G. Hierarchical CdS nanowires based rigid and flexible photodetectors with ultrahigh sensitivity. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2015, 7, 23507

[103]

Chen G, Wang W, Wang C, et al. Controlled synthesis of ultrathin Sb2Se3 nanowires and application for flexible photodetectors. Adv Sci, 2015, 2(10), 1500109

[104]

Liang Y, Wang Y, Wang J, et al. High-performance flexible photodetectors based on single-crystalline Sb2Se3 nanowires. RSC Adv, 2016, 6(14), 11501

[105]

Hu W, Huang W, Yang S, et al. High-performance flexible photodetectors based on high-quality perovskite thin films by a vapor–solution method. Adv Mater, 2017, 29(43), 1703256

[106]

Bao C, Zhu W, Yang J, et al. Highly flexible self-powered organolead trihalide perovskite photodetectors with gold nanowire networks as transparent electrodes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016, 8(36), 23868

[107]

Yang W S, Park B W, Jung E H, et al. Iodide management in formamidinium-lead-halide-based perovskite layers for efficient solar cells. Science, 2017, 356(6345), 1376

[108]

Chen Q, De Marco N, Yang Y, et al. Under the spotlight: The organic-inorganic hybrid halide perovskite for optoelectronic applications. Nano Today, 2015, 10(3), 355

[109]

Xu X, Zhang X X, Deng W, et al. Saturated vapor-assisted growth of single-crystalline organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite nanowires for high-performance photodetectors with robust stability. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10(12), 10287

[110]

Asuo I M, Fourmont P, Ka I, et al. Highly efficient and ultrasensitive large-area flexible photodetector based on perovskite nanowires. Small, 2019, 15(1), 1804150

[111]

Zhu B S, He Z, Yao J S, et al. Potassium ion assisted synthesis of organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite nanobelts for stable and flexible photodetectors. Adv Opt Mater, 2018, 6(3), 1701029

[112]

Cao F, Tian W, Wang M, et al. Semitransparent, flexible, and self-powered photodetectors based on ferroelectricity-assisted perovskite nanowire arrays. Adv Funct Mater, 2019, 1901280

[113]

Meng Y, Lan C, Li F, et al. Direct vapor–liquid–solid synthesis of all-inorganic perovskite nanowires for high-performance electronics and optoelectronics. ACS Nano, 2019, 13(5), 6060

[114]

Zhou Y, Luo J, Zhao Y, et al. Flexible linearly polarized photodetectors based on all-inorganic perovskite CsPbI3 nanowires. Adv Opt Mater, 2018, 6(22), 1800679

[115]

Kaplan H. Practical applications of infrared thermal sensing and imaging equipment. 3rd ed. SPIE Press, 2007

[116]

Song Y M, Xie Y, Malyarchuk V, et al. Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye. Nature, 2013, 497(7447), 95

[117]

Krauss T C, Warlen S C. The forensic science use of reflective ultraviolet photography. J Forensic Sci, 1985, 30(1), 262

[118]

Fulton J E. Utilizing the ultraviolet (UV detect) camera to enhance the appearance of photodamage and other skin conditions. Dermatologic Surg, 1997, 23(3), 163

[119]

Wilkes T C, McGonigle A J S, Pering T D, et al. Ultraviolet imaging with low cost smartphone sensors: Development and application of a raspberry pi-based UV camera. Sensors, 2016, 16(10), 1649

[120]

Fingas M, Brown C. Review of oil spill remote sensing. Mar Pollut Bull, 2014, 83(1), 9

[121]

Zhou W, Li H, Yi X, et al. A criterion for UV detection of AC corona inception in a rod-plane air gap. IEEE Trans Dielectr Electr Insul, 2011, 18(1), 232

[122]

Gade R, Moeslund T B. Thermal cameras and applications: A survey. Mach Vis Appl, 2014, 25(1), 245

[123]

Zhang Q, Lin Y, Tsui K H, et al. 3D arrays of 1024-pixel image sensors based on lead halide perovskite nanowires. Adv Mater, 2016, 28(44), 9713

[124]

Fan Z, Kapadia R, Leu P W, et al. Ordered arrays of dual-diameter nanopillars for maximized optical absorption. Nano Lett, 2010, 10(10), 3823

[125]

Deng W, Zhang X, Huang L, et al. Aligned single-crystalline perovskite microwire arrays for high-performance flexible image sensors with long-term stability. Adv Mater, 2016, 28, 2201

[126]

Xu S, Qin Y, Xu C, et al. Self-powered nanowire devices. Nat Nanotechnol, 2010, 5(5), 366

[127]

Wu W, Bai S, Yuan M, et al. Lead zirconate titanate nanowire textile nanogenerator for wearable energy-harvesting and self-powered devices. ACS Nano, 2012, 6(7), 6231

[128]

Gu S, Lou Z, Li L, et al. Fabrication of flexible reduced graphene oxide/Fe2O3 hollow nanospheres based on-chip micro-supercapacitors for integrated photodetecting applications. Nano Res, 2016, 9(2), 424

[129]

Wang X, Liu B, Wang Q, et al. Three-dimensional hierarchical GeSe2 nanostructures for high performance flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(10), 1479

[130]

Xu J, Shen G. A flexible integrated photodetector system driven by on-chip microsupercapacitors. Nano Energy, 2015, 13, 131

[131]

Yue Y, Yang Z, Liu N, et al. A flexible integrated system containing a microsupercapacitor, a photodetector, and a wireless charging coil. ACS Nano, 2016, 10, 11249

[132]

Costa J C, Spina F, Lugoda P, et al. Flexible sensors—from materials to applications. Technologies, 2019, 7, 35

[1]

Cheong P, Chang K F, Lai Y H, et al. A ZigBee-based wireless sensor network node for ultraviolet detection of flame. IEEE Trans Ind Electron, 2011, 58(11), 5271

[2]

Yao S, Swetha P, Zhu Y. Nanomaterial-enabled wearable sensors for healthcare. Adv Healthc Mater, 2018, 7(1)

[3]

Elgala H, Mesleh R, Haas H. Indoor optical wireless communication: Potential and state-of-the-art. IEEE Commun Mag, 2011, 49(9), 56

[4]

Zhang M, Yeow J T W. Flexible polymer-carbon nanotube composite with high-response stability for wearable thermal imaging. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10(31), 26604

[5]

Peng L, Hu L, Fang X. Energy harvesting for nanostructured self-powered photodetectors. Adv Funct Mater, 2014, 24(18), 2591

[6]

Xie C, Mak C, Tao X, et al. Photodetectors based on two-dimensional layered materials beyond graphene. Adv Funct Mater, 2017, 27(19), 1603886

[7]

Buscema M, Island J O, Groenendijk D J, et al. Photocurrent generation with two-dimensional van der Waals semiconductors. Chem Soc Rev, 2015, 44(11), 3691

[8]

Sun Z, Chang H. Graphene and graphene-like two-dimensional materials in photodetection: Mechanisms and methodology. ACS Nano, 2014, 8(5), 4133

[9]

Dejarld M, Shin J C, Chern W, et al. Formation of high aspect ratio GaAs nanostructures with metal-assisted chemical etching. Nano Lett, 2011, 11, 5259

[10]

Mohseni P K, Kim S H, Zhao X, et al. GaAs pillar array-based light emitting diodes fabricated by metal-assisted chemical etching. J Appl Phys, 2013, 114, 64909

[11]

Lu W, Lieber C M. Semiconductor nanowires. J Phys D, 2006, 39, R387

[12]

Yan R, Gargas D, Yang P. Nanowire photonics. Nat Photonics, 2009, 3, 569

[13]

Dick K A, Deppert K, Martensson T, et al. Failure of the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism in Au-assisted MOVPE growth of InAs nanowires. Nano Lett, 2005, 5, 761

[14]

Persson A, Larsson M, Stenstrom S, et al. Solid-phase diffusion mechanism for GaAs nanowire growth. Nat Mater, 2004, 3, 677

[15]

Morales A M, Lieber C M. A laser ablation method for the synthesis of crystalline semiconductor nanowires. Science, 1998, 279, 208

[16]

Colombo C, Spirkoska D, Frimmer M, et al. Ga-assisted catalyst-free growth mechanism of GaAs nanowires by molecular beam epitaxy. Phys Rev B, 2008, 77, 155326

[17]

Han N, Wang F, Hui A T, et al. Facile synthesis and growth mechanism of Ni-catalyzed GaAs nanowires on non-crystalline substrates. Nanotechnology, 2011, 22, 285607

[18]

Hui A T, Wang F, Han N, et al. High-performance indium phosphide nanowires synthesized on amorphous substrates: from formation mechanism to optical and electrical transport measurements. J Mater Chem, 2012, 22, 10704

[19]

Yang Z X, Wang F, Han N, et al. Crystalline GaSb nanowires synthesized on amorphous substrates: From the formation mechanism to p-channel transistor applications. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2013, 5, 10946

[20]

Zhou Q, Park J G, Nie R, et al. Nanochannel-assisted perovskite nanowires: from growth mechanisms to photodetector applications. ACS Nano, 2018, 12, 8406

[21]

Zhu H, Fu Y, Meng F, et al. Lead halide perovskite nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds and high quality factors. Nat Mater, 2015, 14, 636

[22]

Gholipour B, Adamo G, Cortecchia D, et al. Organometallic perovskite metasurfaces. Adv Mater, 2017, 29, 1604268

[23]

Maceiczyk R M, Dumbgen K, Lignos I, et al. Microfluidic reactors provide preparative and mechanistic insights into the synthesis of formamidinium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals. Chem Mater, 2017, 29, 8433

[24]

Lignos I, Maceiczyk R M, Demello A J. Microfluidic technology: uncovering the mechanisms of nanocrystal nucleation and growth. Acc Chem Res, 2017, 50, 1248

[25]

Zhang H, Dai X, Guan N, et al. Flexible photodiodes based on nitride core/shell p–n junction nanowires. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016, 8, 26198

[26]

Takahashi T, Takei K, Adabi E, et al. Parallel array InAs nanowire transistors for mechanically bendable, ultrahigh frequency electronics. ACS Nano, 2010, 4, 5855

[27]

Fan Z, Ho J C, Takahashi T, et al. Toward the development of printable nanowire electronics and sensors. Adv Mater, 2009, 21, 3730

[28]

Fan Z, Ho J C, Jacobson Z A, et al. Wafer-scale assembly of highly ordered semiconductor nanowire arrays by contact printing. Nano Lett, 2008, 8, 20

[29]

Hou J J, Han N, Wang F, et al. Synthesis and characterizations of ternary InGaAs nanowires by a two-step growth method for high-performance electronic devices. ACS Nano, 2012, 6, 3624

[30]

Li D, Lan C, Manikandan A, et al. Ultra-fast photodetectors based on high-mobility indium gallium antimonide nanowires. Nat Commun, 2019, 10, 1664

[31]

Assad O, Leshansky A, Wang B, et al. Spray-coating route for highly aligned and large-scale arrays of nanowires. ACS Nano, 2012, 6, 4702

[32]

Lee J, Shin D, Park J. Fabrication of silver nanowire-based stretchable electrodes using spray coating. Thin Solid Films, 2016, 608, 34

[33]

Binda M, Natali D, Iacchetti A, et al. Integration of an organic photodetector onto a plastic optical fiber by means of spray coating technique. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(31), 4335

[34]

Park S, Kim S J, Nam J H, et al. Significant enhancement of infrared photodetector sensitivity using a semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube/C60 phototransistor. Adv Mater, 2015, 27, 759

[35]

Konstantatos G, Clifford J, Levina L, et al. Sensitive solution-processed visible-wavelength photodetectors. Nat Photonics, 2007, 1(9), 531

[36]

Konstantatos G, Howard I, Fischer A, et al. Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors. Nature, 2006, 442(7099), 180

[37]

Mueller T, Xia F, Avouris P. Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications. Nat Photonics, 2010, 4(5), 297

[38]

Xia F, Mueller T, Lin Y M, et al. Ultrafast graphene photodetector. Nat Nanotechnol, 2009, 4, 839

[39]

Liu Y, Wang F, Wang X, et al. Planar carbon nanotube–graphene hybrid films for high-performance broadband photodetectors. Nat Commun, 2015, 6, 8589

[40]

Xie J, Liu W, Macewan M R, et al. Neurite outgrowth on electrospun nanofibers with uniaxial alignment: the effects of fiber density, surface coating, and supporting substrate. ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 1878

[41]

Hu X, Zhang X, Liang L, et al. High-performance flexible broadband photodetector based on organolead halide perovskite. Adv Funct Mater, 2014, 24(46), 7373

[42]

Wu H, Sun Y, Lin D, et al. GaN Nanofibers based on electrospinning: facile synthesis, controlled assembly, precise doping, and application as high performance UV photodetector. Adv Mater, 2009, 21, 227

[43]

Zheng Z, Gan L, Zhai T. Electrospun nanowire arrays for electronics and optoelectronics. Sci Chin Mater, 2016, 59, 200

[44]

Liu X, Gu L, Zhang Q, et al. All-printable band-edge modulated ZnO nanowire photodetectors with ultra-high detectivity. Nat Commun, 2014, 5, 4007

[45]

Li D, Wang Y, Xia Y. Electrospinning nanofibers as uniaxially aligned arrays and layer-by-layer stacked films. Adv Mater, 2004, 16, 361

[46]

Dai X, Messanvi A, Zhang H, et al. Flexible light-emitting diodes based on vertical nitride nanowires. Nano Lett, 2015, 15, 6958

[47]

Richter M, Heumüller T, Matt G J, et al. Carbon photodetectors: the versatility of carbon allotropes. Adv Energy Mater, 2017, 7(10)

[48]

Barkelid M, Zwiller V. Photocurrent generation in semiconducting and metallic carbon nanotubes. Nat Photonics, 2014, 8(1), 47

[49]

Siitonen A J, Tsyboulski D A, Bachilo S M, et al. Dependence of exciton mobility on structure in single-walled carbon nanotubes. J Phys Chem Lett, 2010, 1(14), 2189

[50]

Chen K, Gao W, Emaminejad S, et al. Printed carbon nanotube electronics and sensor systems. Adv Mater, 2016, 28(22), 4397

[51]

Zhang S, Cai L, Wang T, et al. Fully printed flexible carbon nanotube photodetectors. Appl Phys Lett, 2017, 110(12)

[52]

Rogalski A, Chrzanowski K. Infrared devices and techniques. Metrol Meas Syst, 2014, 21(4), 565

[53]

Liu Y, Wei N, Zeng Q, et al. Room temperature broadband infrared carbon nanotube photodetector with high detectivity and stability. Adv Opt Mater, 2016, 4(2), 238

[54]

Huang Z, Gao M, Yan Z, et al. Flexible infrared detectors based on p–n junctions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Nanoscale, 2016, 8(18), 9592

[55]

Takahashi T, Yu Z, Chen K, et al. Carbon nanotube active-matrix backplanes for mechanically flexible visible light and X-ray imagers. Nano Lett, 2013, 13(11), 5425

[56]

Suzuki D, Oda S, Kawano Y. A flexible and wearable terahertz scanner. Nat Photonics, 2016, 10(12), 809

[57]

Liu Y, Liu Y, Qin S, et al. Graphene-carbon nanotube hybrid films for high-performance flexible photodetectors. Nano Res, 2017, 10(6), 1880

[58]

Pradhan B, Setyowati K, Liu H, et al. Carbon nanotube-polymer nanocomposite infrared sensor. Nano Lett, 2008, 8(4), 1142

[59]

Hou W, Zhao N J, Meng D, et al. Controlled growth of well-defined conjugated polymers from the surfaces of multiwalled carbon nanotubes: photoresponse enhancement via charge separation. ACS Nano, 2016, 10(5), 5189

[60]

Sarker B K, Arif M, Khondaker S I. Near-infrared photoresponse in single-walled carbon nanotube/polymer composite films. Carbon, 2010, 48(5), 1539

[61]

Pyo S, Kim W, Jung H Il, et al. Heterogeneous integration of carbon-nanotube–graphene for high-performance, flexible, and transparent photodetectors. Small, 2017, 13(27), 1700918

[62]

Du J, Pei S, Ma L, et al. Carbon nanotube- and graphene-based transparent conductive films for optoelectronic devices. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(13), 1958

[63]

Kim D H, Ahn J H, Won M C, et al. Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits. Science, 2008, 320(5875), 507

[64]

Huang Z, Geyer N, Werner P, et al. Metal-assisted chemical etching of silicon: A review. Adv Mater, 2011, 23(2), 285

[65]

Mulazimoglu E, Coskun S, Gunoven M, et al. Silicon nanowire network metal–semiconductor–metal photodetectors. Appl Phys Lett, 2013, 103(8), 083114

[66]

Kim D H, Lee W, Myoung J M. Flexible multi-wavelength photodetector based on porous silicon nanowires. Nanoscale, 2018, 10(37), 17705

[67]

Hossain M, Kumar G S, Barimar Prabhava S N, et al. Transparent, flexible silicon nanostructured wire networks with seamless junctions for high-performance photodetector applications. ACS Nano, 2018, 12(5), 4727

[68]

Shen L, Pun E Y B, Ho J C. Recent developments in III–V semiconducting nanowires for high-performance photodetectors. Mater Chem Front, 2017, 1, 630

[69]

Miao J, Hu W, Guo N, et al. Single InAs nanowire room-temperature near-infrared photodetectors. ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 3628

[70]

Han N, Yang Z X, Wang F, et al. High-performance GaAs nanowire solar cells for flexible and transparent photovoltaics. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2015, 7(36), 20454

[71]

Yang Z, Han N, Fang M, et al. Surfactant-assisted chemical vapour deposition of high-performance small-diameter GaSb nanowires. Nat Commun, 2014, 5, 5249

[72]

Duan T, Liao C, Chen T, et al. Single crystalline nitrogen-doped InP nanowires for low-voltage field-effect transistors and photodetectors on rigid silicon and flexible mica substrates. Nano Energy, 2015, 15, 293

[73]

Luo T, Liang B, Liu Z, et al. Single-GaSb-nanowire-based room temperature photodetectors with broad spectral response. Sci Bull, 2015, 60, 101

[74]

Royo M, De Luca M, Rurali R, et al. A review on III–V core–multishell nanowires: growth, properties, and applications. J Phys D, 2017, 50, 143001

[75]

Han S, Lee S K, Choi I, et al. Highly efficient and flexible photosensors with GaN nanowires horizontally embedded in a graphene sandwich channel. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10(44), 38173

[76]

Lapierre R R, Robson M, Azizur-Rahman K M, et al. A review of III-V nanowire infrared photodetectors and sensors. J Phys D, 2017, 50(12), 123001

[77]

Hua M, Zhang S, Pan B, et al. Heavy metal removal from water/wastewater by nanosized metal oxides: a review. J Hazard Mater, 2012, 211, 317

[78]

Zou Y, Zhang Y, Hu Y, et al. Ultraviolet detectors based on wide bandgap semiconductor nanowire: A review. Sensors, 2018, 18(7), 2072

[79]

Sun Y F, Liu S B, Meng F L, et al. Metal oxide nanostructures and their gas sensing properties: A review. Sensors, 2012, 12(3), 2610

[80]

Wong H S P, Lee H Y, Yu S, et al. Metal-oxide RRAM. Proc IEEE, 2012, 100(6), 1951

[81]

Zheng Z, Gan L, Zhang J B, et al. An enhanced UV-Vis-NIR an d flexible photodetector based on electrospun Zno nanowire array/PbS quantum dots film heterostructure. Adv Sci, 2017, 4(3), 1600316

[82]

Wang S, Sun H, Wang Z, et al. In situ synthesis of monoclinic β-Ga2O3 nanowires on flexible substrate and solar-blind photodetector. J Alloys Compd, 2019, 787(30), 133

[83]

Liu Z, Huang H, Liang B, et al. Zn2GeO4 and In2Ge2O7 nanowire mats based ultraviolet photodetectors on rigid and flexible substrates. Opt Express, 2012, 20, 2982

[84]

Mallampati B, Nair S V, Ruda H E, et al. Role of surface in high photoconductive gain measured in ZnO nanowire-based photodetector. J Nanoparticle Res, 2015, 17(4), 176

[85]

Alsultany F H, Hassan Z, Ahmed N M. A high-sensitivity, fast-response, rapid-recovery UV photodetector fabricated based on catalyst-free growth of ZnO nanowire networks on glass substrate. Opt Mater, 2016, 60, 30

[86]

Zhao X, Wang F, Shi L, et al. Performance enhancement in ZnO nanowire based double Schottky-barrier photodetector by applying optimized Ag nanoparticles. RSC Adv, 2016, 6(6), 4634

[87]

Liu J, Lu R, Xu G, et al. Development of a seedless floating growth process in solution for synthesis of crystalline ZnO micro/nanowire arrays on graphene: Towards high-performance nanohybrid ultraviolet photodetectors. Adv Funct Mater, 2013, 23(39), 4941

[88]

Wu J M, Chen Y R, Lin Y H. Rapidly synthesized ZnO nanowires by ultraviolet decomposition process in ambient air for flexible photodetector. Nanoscale, 2011, 3(3), 1053

[89]

Liu J, Wu W, Bai S, et al. Synthesis of high crystallinity ZnO nanowire array on polymer substrate and flexible fiber-based sensor. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2011, 3(11), 4197

[90]

Zheng Z, Gan L, Li H, et al. A fully transparent and flexible ultraviolet-visible photodetector based on controlled electrospun ZnO–CdO heterojunction nanofiber arrays. Adv Funct Mater, 2015, 25(37), 5885

[91]

Manekkathodi A, Lu M Y, Wang C W, et al. Direct growth of aligned zinc oxide nanorods on paper substrates for low-cost flexible electronics. Adv Mater, 2010, 22(36), 4059

[92]

Li L, Gu L, Lou Z, et al. ZnO Quantum dot decorated Zn2SnO4 nanowire heterojunction photodetectors with drastic performance enhancement and flexible ultraviolet image sensors. ACS Nano, 2017, 11(4), 4067

[93]

Shen X, Duan L, Li J, et al. Enhanced performance of flexible ultraviolet photodetectors based on carbon nitride quantum dot/ZnO nanowire nanocomposites. Mater Res Express, 2019, 6(4), 045002

[94]

Li L, Lou Z, Shen G. Flexible broadband image sensors with SnS quantum dots/Zn2SnO4 nanowires hybrid nanostructures. Adv Funct Mater, 2018, 28(6), 1705389

[95]

Dong Y, Zou Y, Song J, et al. Self-powered fiber-shaped wearable omnidirectional photodetectors. Nano Energy, 2016, 30, 173

[96]

Wang X, Liu B, Liu R, et al. Fiber-based flexible all-solid-state asymmetric supercapacitors for integrated photodetecting system. Angew Chemie, 2014, 53(7), 1849

[97]

Zhang F, Niu S, Guo W, et al. Piezo-phototronic effect enhanced visible/UV photodetector of a carbon-fiber/ZnO-CdS double-shell microwire. ACS Nano, 2013, 7(5), 4537

[98]

Wang S, Zou Y, Shan Q, et al. Nanowire network-based photodetectors with imaging performance for omnidirectional photodetecting through a wire-shaped structure. RSC Adv, 2018, 8(59), 3666

[99]

Sun H, Tian W, Cao F, et al. Ultrahigh-performance self-powered flexible double-twisted fibrous broadband perovskite photodetector. Adv Mater, 2018, 30(21), 1706986

[100]

Xie X, Shen G. Single-crystalline In2S3 nanowire-based flexible visible-light photodetectors with an ultra-high photoresponse. Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 5046

[101]

Graham R, Miller C, Oh E, et al. Electric field dependent photocurrent decay length in single lead sulfide nanowire field effect transistors. Nano Lett, 2011, 11(2), 717

[102]

Li L, Lou Z, Shen G. Hierarchical CdS nanowires based rigid and flexible photodetectors with ultrahigh sensitivity. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2015, 7, 23507

[103]

Chen G, Wang W, Wang C, et al. Controlled synthesis of ultrathin Sb2Se3 nanowires and application for flexible photodetectors. Adv Sci, 2015, 2(10), 1500109

[104]

Liang Y, Wang Y, Wang J, et al. High-performance flexible photodetectors based on single-crystalline Sb2Se3 nanowires. RSC Adv, 2016, 6(14), 11501

[105]

Hu W, Huang W, Yang S, et al. High-performance flexible photodetectors based on high-quality perovskite thin films by a vapor–solution method. Adv Mater, 2017, 29(43), 1703256

[106]

Bao C, Zhu W, Yang J, et al. Highly flexible self-powered organolead trihalide perovskite photodetectors with gold nanowire networks as transparent electrodes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2016, 8(36), 23868

[107]

Yang W S, Park B W, Jung E H, et al. Iodide management in formamidinium-lead-halide-based perovskite layers for efficient solar cells. Science, 2017, 356(6345), 1376

[108]

Chen Q, De Marco N, Yang Y, et al. Under the spotlight: The organic-inorganic hybrid halide perovskite for optoelectronic applications. Nano Today, 2015, 10(3), 355

[109]

Xu X, Zhang X X, Deng W, et al. Saturated vapor-assisted growth of single-crystalline organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite nanowires for high-performance photodetectors with robust stability. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2018, 10(12), 10287

[110]

Asuo I M, Fourmont P, Ka I, et al. Highly efficient and ultrasensitive large-area flexible photodetector based on perovskite nanowires. Small, 2019, 15(1), 1804150

[111]

Zhu B S, He Z, Yao J S, et al. Potassium ion assisted synthesis of organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite nanobelts for stable and flexible photodetectors. Adv Opt Mater, 2018, 6(3), 1701029

[112]

Cao F, Tian W, Wang M, et al. Semitransparent, flexible, and self-powered photodetectors based on ferroelectricity-assisted perovskite nanowire arrays. Adv Funct Mater, 2019, 1901280

[113]

Meng Y, Lan C, Li F, et al. Direct vapor–liquid–solid synthesis of all-inorganic perovskite nanowires for high-performance electronics and optoelectronics. ACS Nano, 2019, 13(5), 6060

[114]

Zhou Y, Luo J, Zhao Y, et al. Flexible linearly polarized photodetectors based on all-inorganic perovskite CsPbI3 nanowires. Adv Opt Mater, 2018, 6(22), 1800679

[115]

Kaplan H. Practical applications of infrared thermal sensing and imaging equipment. 3rd ed. SPIE Press, 2007

[116]

Song Y M, Xie Y, Malyarchuk V, et al. Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye. Nature, 2013, 497(7447), 95

[117]

Krauss T C, Warlen S C. The forensic science use of reflective ultraviolet photography. J Forensic Sci, 1985, 30(1), 262

[118]

Fulton J E. Utilizing the ultraviolet (UV detect) camera to enhance the appearance of photodamage and other skin conditions. Dermatologic Surg, 1997, 23(3), 163

[119]

Wilkes T C, McGonigle A J S, Pering T D, et al. Ultraviolet imaging with low cost smartphone sensors: Development and application of a raspberry pi-based UV camera. Sensors, 2016, 16(10), 1649

[120]

Fingas M, Brown C. Review of oil spill remote sensing. Mar Pollut Bull, 2014, 83(1), 9

[121]

Zhou W, Li H, Yi X, et al. A criterion for UV detection of AC corona inception in a rod-plane air gap. IEEE Trans Dielectr Electr Insul, 2011, 18(1), 232

[122]

Gade R, Moeslund T B. Thermal cameras and applications: A survey. Mach Vis Appl, 2014, 25(1), 245

[123]

Zhang Q, Lin Y, Tsui K H, et al. 3D arrays of 1024-pixel image sensors based on lead halide perovskite nanowires. Adv Mater, 2016, 28(44), 9713

[124]

Fan Z, Kapadia R, Leu P W, et al. Ordered arrays of dual-diameter nanopillars for maximized optical absorption. Nano Lett, 2010, 10(10), 3823

[125]

Deng W, Zhang X, Huang L, et al. Aligned single-crystalline perovskite microwire arrays for high-performance flexible image sensors with long-term stability. Adv Mater, 2016, 28, 2201

[126]

Xu S, Qin Y, Xu C, et al. Self-powered nanowire devices. Nat Nanotechnol, 2010, 5(5), 366

[127]

Wu W, Bai S, Yuan M, et al. Lead zirconate titanate nanowire textile nanogenerator for wearable energy-harvesting and self-powered devices. ACS Nano, 2012, 6(7), 6231

[128]

Gu S, Lou Z, Li L, et al. Fabrication of flexible reduced graphene oxide/Fe2O3 hollow nanospheres based on-chip micro-supercapacitors for integrated photodetecting applications. Nano Res, 2016, 9(2), 424

[129]

Wang X, Liu B, Wang Q, et al. Three-dimensional hierarchical GeSe2 nanostructures for high performance flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(10), 1479

[130]

Xu J, Shen G. A flexible integrated photodetector system driven by on-chip microsupercapacitors. Nano Energy, 2015, 13, 131

[131]

Yue Y, Yang Z, Liu N, et al. A flexible integrated system containing a microsupercapacitor, a photodetector, and a wireless charging coil. ACS Nano, 2016, 10, 11249

[132]

Costa J C, Spina F, Lugoda P, et al. Flexible sensors—from materials to applications. Technologies, 2019, 7, 35

[1]

Guozhen Shen, Haoran Chen, Zheng Lou. Growth of aligned SnS nanowire arrays for near infrared photodetectors. J. Semicond., 2020, 41(4): 042602. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/4/042602

[2]

Qiaoli Liu, Yajie Feng, Huijun Tian, Xiaoying He, Anqi Hu, Xia Guo. Fabrication of flexible AlGaInP LED. J. Semicond., 2020, 41(3): 032302. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/3/032302

[3]

Ping Sheng, Baomin Wang, Runwei Li. Flexible magnetic thin films and devices. J. Semicond., 2018, 39(1): 011006. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/39/1/011006

[4]

Han Zhitao, Chu Jinkui, Meng Fantao, Jin Rencheng. Design and simulation of blue/violet sensitive photodetectors in silicon-on-insulator. J. Semicond., 2009, 30(10): 104008. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/30/10/104008

[5]

Le Huang, Nengjie Huo, Zhaoqiang Zheng, Huafeng Dong, Jingbo Li. Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides for lead halide perovskites-based photodetectors: band alignment investigation for the case of CsPbBr3/MoSe2. J. Semicond., 2020, 41(5): 052206. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/5/052206

[6]

Xie Zili, Zhang Rong, Gao Chao, Liu Bin, Li Liang, Xiu Xiangqian, Zhu Shunming, Gu Shulin, Han Ping, Jiang Ruolian, Shi Yi, Zheng Youdou. Fabrication and Characteristics of In2O3 Nanowires. J. Semicond., 2006, 27(3): 536.

[7]

Chang Peng, Liu Su, Chen Rongbo, Tang Ying, Han Genliang. Low Temperature Synthesis and Optical Properties of ZnO Nanowires. J. Semicond., 2007, 28(10): 1503.

[8]

Li Yuguo, Yang Aichun, Zhuo Boshi, Peng Ruiqin, Zheng Xuelei. Growth of SiO2 nanowires on different substrates using Au as a catalyst. J. Semicond., 2011, 32(2): 023002. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/32/2/023002

[9]

B. Hamawandi, M. Noroozi, G. Jayakumar, A. Ergül, K. Zahmatkesh, M. S. Toprak, H. H. Radamson. Electrical properties of sub-100 nm SiGe nanowires. J. Semicond., 2016, 37(10): 102001. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/37/10/102001

[10]

Zhitao Han, Sisi Li, Junjun Li, Jinkui Chu, Yong Chen. Facile synthesis of ZnO nanowires on FTO glass for dye-sensitized solar cells. J. Semicond., 2013, 34(7): 074002. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/34/7/074002

[11]

B. Shougaijam, R. Swain, C. Ngangbam, T.R. Lenka. Analysis of morphological, structural and electrical properties of annealed TiO2 nanowires deposited by GLAD technique. J. Semicond., 2017, 38(5): 053001. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/38/5/053001

[12]

Zhi Liu, Juanjuan Wen, Chuanbo Li, Chunlai Xue, Buwen Cheng. Research progress of Ge on insulator grown by rapid melting growth. J. Semicond., 2018, 39(6): 061005. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/39/6/061005

[13]

Ziqi Zhou, Yu Cui, Ping-Heng Tan, Xuelu Liu, Zhongming Wei. Optical and electrical properties of two-dimensional anisotropic materials. J. Semicond., 2019, 40(6): 061001. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/6/061001

[14]

Yu Dongliang, Ge Chuannan, Du Youwei. Preparation and characterization of CuO nanowire arrays. J. Semicond., 2009, 30(7): 072003. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/30/7/072003

[15]

Kai Qiu, Yuhua Zuo, Tianwei Zhou, Zhi Liu, Jun Zheng, Chuanbo Li, Buwen Cheng. Enhanced light trapping in periodically truncated cone silicon nanowire structure. J. Semicond., 2015, 36(10): 104005. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/36/10/104005

[16]

Xinzhe Min, Pengchen Zhu, Shuai Gu, Jia Zhu. Research progress of low-dimensional perovskites: synthesis, properties and optoelectronic applications. J. Semicond., 2017, 38(1): 011004. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/38/1/011004

[17]

Zhitao Han, Sisi Li, Jinkui Chu, Yong Chen. Controlled growth of well-aligned ZnO nanowire arrays using the improved hydrothermal method. J. Semicond., 2013, 34(6): 063002. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/34/6/063002

[18]

Xiaowu He, Yifeng Song, Ying Yu, Ben Ma, Zesheng Chen, Xiangjun Shang, Haiqiao Ni, Baoquan Sun, Xiuming Dou, Hao Chen, Hongyue Hao, Tongtong Qi, Shushan Huang, Hanqing Liu, Xiangbin Su, Xinliang Su, Yujun Shi, Zhichuan Niu. Quantum light source devices of In(Ga)As semiconductor self-assembled quantum dots. J. Semicond., 2019, 40(7): 071902. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/7/071902

[19]

Dongyi Wang, Lili Wang, Guozhen Shen. Nanofiber/nanowires-based flexible and stretchable sensors. J. Semicond., 2020, 41(4): 041605. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/4/041605

[20]

Zheng Lou, Xiaoli Yang, Haoran Chen, Zhongzhu Liang. Flexible ultraviolet photodetectors based on ZnO–SnO2 heterojunction nanowire arrays. J. Semicond., 2018, 39(2): 024002. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/39/2/024002

Search

Advanced Search >>

GET CITATION

S P Yip, L F Shen, J C Ho, Recent advances in flexible photodetectors based on 1D nanostructures[J]. J. Semicond., 2019, 40(11): 111602. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/11/111602.

Export: BibTex EndNote

Article Metrics

Article views: 715 Times PDF downloads: 46 Times Cited by: 0 Times

History

Manuscript received: 21 July 2019 Manuscript revised: Online: Accepted Manuscript: 21 October 2019 Uncorrected proof: 25 October 2019 Published: 08 November 2019

Email This Article

User name:
Email:*请输入正确邮箱
Code:*验证码错误
XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图