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Volume 41, Issue 1, Jan 2020

    Special Issue on the Celebration of the 60th Anniversary of Dedicating to Scientific Research of Prof

    RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS

  • Cesium lead inorganic solar cell with efficiency beyond 18% via reduced charge recombination

    Zhijie Wang

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 010201

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/010201

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

  • COMMENTS AND OPINIONS

  • Quantum cascade lasers: from sketch to mainstream in the mid and far infrared

    Ning Zhuo, Fengqi Liu, Zhanguo Wang

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 010301

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/010301

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

  • NEWS AND VIEWS

  • An efficient entangled-photon source from semiconductor quantum dots

    Chao Zhao, Zhijie Wang

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 010401

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/010401

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

  • EDITORIAL

  • Preface to the Special Issue on the Celebration of the 60th Anniversary of Dedicating to Scientific Research of Prof. Zhanguo Wang

    Zhijie Wang, Chao Zhao, Fei Ding

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 010101

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/010101

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

  • REVIEWS

  • Progress on the controllable synthesis of all-inorganic halide perovskite nanocrystals and their optoelectronic applications

    Yi Yuan, Aiwei Tang

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 011201

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/011201

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

    In the past five years, all-inorganic metal halide perovskite (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, I) nanocrystals have been intensely studied due to their outstanding optical properties and facile synthesis, which endow them with potential optoelectronic applications. In order to optimize their physical and chemical properties, different strategies have been developed to realize the controllable synthesis of CsPbX3 nanocrystals. In this short review, we firstly present a comprehensive and detailed summary of existed synthesis strategies of CsPbX3 nanocrystals and their analogues. Then, we introduce the regulations of several reaction parameters and their effects on the morphologies of CsPbX3 nanocrystals. At the same time, we provide stability improvement methods and representative applications. Finally, we propose the current challenges and future perspectives of the promising materials.

  • Boron-doped III–V semiconductors for Si-based optoelectronic devices

    Chao Zhao, Bo Xu, Zhijie Wang, Zhanguo Wang

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 011301

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/011301

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

    Optoelectronic devices on silicon substrates are essential not only to the optoelectronic integrated circuit but also to low-cost lasers, large-area detectors, and so forth. Although heterogeneous integration of III–V semiconductors on Si has been well-developed, the thermal dissipation issue and the complicated fabrication process still hinders the development of these devices. The monolithic growth of III–V materials on Si has also been demonstrated by applying complicated buffer layers or interlayers. On the other hand, the growth of lattice-matched B-doped group-III–V materials is an attractive area of research. However, due to the difficulty in growth, the development is still relatively slow. Herein, we present a comprehensive review of the recent achievements in this field. We summarize and discuss the conditions and mechanisms involved in growing B-doped group-III–V materials. The unique surface morphology, crystallinity, and optical properties of the epitaxy correlating with their growth conditions are discussed, along with their respective optoelectronic applications. Finally, we detail the obstacles and challenges to exploit the potential for such practical applications fully.

  • The application of perovskite materials in solar water splitting

    Yanbin Huang, Jun Liu, Yanchun Deng, Yuanyuan Qian, Xiaohao Jia, Mengmeng Ma, Cheng Yang, Kong Liu, Zhijie Wang, Shengchun Qu, Zhanguo Wang

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 011701

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/011701

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

    Solar water splitting is a promising strategy for sustainable production of renewable hydrogen, and solving the crisis of energy and environment in the world. However, large-scale application of this method is hampered by the efficiency and the expense of the solar water splitting systems. Searching for non-toxic, low-cost, efficient and stable photocatalysts is an important way for solar water splitting. Due to the simplicity of structure and the flexibility of composition, perovskite based photocatalysts have recently attracted widespread attention for application in solar water splitting. In this review, the recent developments of perovskite based photocatalysts for water splitting are summarized. An introduction including the structures and properties of perovskite materials, and the fundamentals of solar water splitting is first provided. Then, it specifically focuses on the strategies for designing and modulating perovskite materials to improve their photocatalytic performance for solar water splitting. The current challenges and perspectives of perovskite materials in solar water splitting are also reviewed. The aim of this review is to summarize recent findings and developments of perovskite based photocatalysts and provide some useful guidance for the future research on the design and development of highly efficient perovskite based photocatalysts and the relevant systems for water splitting.

  • Strain tunable quantum dot based non-classical photon sources

    Jingzhong Yang, Michael Zopf, Fei Ding

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 011901

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/011901

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

    Semiconductor quantum dots are leading candidates for the on-demand generation of single photons and entangled photon pairs. High photon quality and indistinguishability of photons from different sources are critical for quantum information applications. The inability to grow perfectly identical quantum dots with ideal optical properties necessitates the application of post-growth tuning techniques via e.g. temperature, electric, magnetic or strain fields. In this review, we summarize the state-of-the-art and highlight the advantages of strain tunable non-classical photon sources based on epitaxial quantum dots. Using piezoelectric crystals like PMN-PT, the wavelength of single photons and entangled photon pairs emitted by InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots can be tuned reversibly. Combining with quantum light-emitting diodes simultaneously allows for electrical triggering and the tuning of wavelength or exciton fine structure. Emission from light hole exciton can be tuned, and quantum dot containing nanostructure such as nanowires have been piezo-integrated. To ensure the indistinguishability of photons from distant emitters, the wavelength drift caused by piezo creep can be compensated by frequency feedback, which is verified by two-photon interference with photons from two stabilized sources. Therefore, strain tuning proves to be a flexible and reliable tool for the development of scalable quantum dots-based non-classical photon sources.

  • ARTICLES

  • Surface traps-related nonvolatile resistive switching memory effect in a single SnO2:Sm nanowire

    Huiying Zhou, Haiping Shi, Baochang Cheng

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 012101

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/012101

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

    For nanostructure SnO2, it is very difficult for its electric properties to accurately control due to the presence of abundant surface states. The introduction of Sm can improve the traps in surface space charge region of SnO2 nanowires, resulting in a controllable storage charge effect. For the single nanowire-based two-terminal device, two surface state-related back-to-back diodes are formed. At a relatively large voltage, electrons can be injected into the traps in surface space charge region from negative electrode, resulting in a decrease of surface barrier connected with negative electrode, and contrarily electrons can be extracted from the traps in surface space charge region into positive electrode, resulting in an increase of surface barrier connected with positive electrode. The reversible injection and extraction induce a nonvolatile resistive switching memory effect.

  • Quantum cascade superluminescent light emitters with high power and compact structure

    Jialin Sun, Chuncai Hou, Hongmei Chen, Jinchuan Zhang, Ning Zhuo, Jiqiang Ning, Changcheng Zheng, Zhanguo Wang, Fengqi Liu, Ziyang Zhang

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 012301

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/012301

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

    Quantum cascade (QC) superluminescent light emitters (SLEs) have emerged as desirable broadband mid-infrared (MIR) light sources for growing number of applications in areas like medical imaging, gas sensing and national defense. However, it is challenging to obtain a practical high-power device due to the very low efficiency of spontaneous emission in the intersubband transitions in QC structures. Herein a design of ~5 μm SLEs is demonstrated with a two-phonon resonance-based QC active structure coupled with a compact combinatorial waveguide structure which comprises a short straight part adjacent to a tilted stripe and to a J-shaped waveguide. The as-fabricated SLEs achieve a high output power of 1.8 mW, exhibiting the potential to be integrated into array devices without taking up too much chip space. These results may facilitate the realization of SLE arrays to attain larger output power and pave the pathway towards the practical applications of broadband MIR light sources.

  • Realization of high-performance tri-layer graphene saturable absorber mirror fabricated via a one-step transfer process

    Cheng Jiang, Xu Wang, Jian Liu, Jiqiang Ning, Changcheng Zheng, Xiaohui Li, Ziyang Zhang

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 012302

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/012302

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

    Graphene, as a saturable absorber (SA), has attracted much attention for its application in ultrashort pulse fiber lasers due to its ultrafast interband carrier relaxation and ultra-broadband wavelength operation. Nevertheless, during the stacking process of monolayer graphene layer, the induced nonuniform contact at the interface of graphene layers deteriorate the device performance. Herein, we report the fabrication of graphene saturable absorber mirrors (SAMs) via a one-step transfer process and the realization of the much enlarged modulation depth and the much reduced nonsaturable loss with tri-layer graphene (TLG) than single-layer graphene (SLG) due to the improved uniform contact at the interface. Moreover, the operation of 1550 nm mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser with the TLG SAM exhibits excellent output characteristics of the maximum output power of 9.9 mW, a slope efficiency of 2.4% and a pulse width of 714 fs. Our findings are expected to pave the way toward high-performance ultrashort pulse fiber lasers based on graphene SAs.

  • Nano-sphere surface arrays based on GaAs solar cells

    Yinsheng Peng, Shufeng Gong, Kai Liu, Minghai Yao

    J. Semicond.  2020, 41(1): 012701

    doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/41/1/012701

    Abstract Full Text PDF Get Citation

    In this paper, we present our efforts on simulating and analyzing the effect of two-dimensional nano-sphere surface array on the characteristic of GaAs solar cells. Based on the scattering and diffraction theory of the photonic crystals, the simulation results show that the distance of adjacent nano-spheres (D) has the pronounced influence on the conversion efficiency and exhibits much poor tolerance, the absolutely conversion efficiency is reduced by exceeding of 2% as the D varies from 0 to 1 μm, in addition, the lower conversion efficiency (< 18%) is exhibited and almost remains unaltered when the D is of > 2 μm. The radius (R) of nano-spheres demonstrates much great tolerance. For D = 0, the solar cells exhibit high conversion efficiency (> 20%) and the efficiency is only varied by less than 1% when R is varied in a very wide region of 0.3–1.2 μm. One can also find out that there is good tolerance for efficiency around the optimal value of refractive index and there is only about 0.2% decrease in final cell efficiency for around ±24% variation in the optimal values, which implys that it does not demand high precision processing equipment and the whole nano-sphere array could be fully complemented using self-assembled chemical methods.

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